Forensic anthropology represents a robust, dynamic and international field that involves interdisciplinary research, diverse applications and is basically a component of physical anthropology i.e. the study of human population from a biological and evolutionary perspective.
Forensic anthropology uses the methods and goals of physical anthropology to study questions of medico-legal significance. It is one of the eminent area of study for college students and scientists. Its various subfields are forensic archaeology and forensic taphonomy, in a legal setting. A forensic anthropologist can not only assist in the identification of deceased individuals whose remains are decomposed, burned, mutilated or otherwise unrecognizable, as might happen in a plane crash. But can also deals with human body measurements, in order to establish the identity of a person aiding in criminal profiling.
The use of anthropology in the forensic investigation of remains grew out of the recognition of anthropology as a distinct scientific discipline and the growth of physical anthropology. Anthropology is a diverse field of study that includes many specialties, or sub disciplines, that usually fall under the areas of cultural anthropology, archaeology, linguistics, or physical anthropology. The one thing that all anthropologists have in common is that they are interested in the study of human beings. A major component of physical anthropology is the study of the human skeleton, or human osteology. Experts during the study of the human skeleton, or human osteologists may apply their skills to the fossilized remains of ancestral humans.
Regardless of whether the skeleton is fossilized, prehistoric, historic or modern many of the goals of an osteological analysis are the same: to reconstruct as much as possible about a person's life from a thorough examination of his or her bones after death. This course is designed for apprentices who have an interest in forensic anthropology, it emphasize on the detection, recovery, and identification of human remains within a legal context. It basically focuses on the applied science of forensic anthropology and provide general introduction to many facets of a forensic anthropologists job.
After studying this you will get an overview of the human skeleton and an introduction to the methods used by forensic anthropologists in the identification and analysis of skeletal remains (e.g., age, death, sex, ancestry, stature, and personal identification). We will also discuss the role of the forensic anthropologist in the investigation of human rights abuses, mass disasters, and criminal investigations.
MODULE 1-Forensic Anthropology- Skeletal remains as an evidence are frequently encountered in numerous cases and send to laboratories for identification which covers under broad area of Forensic Anthropology, which is the application of Anthropology. Forensic Anthropologist plays an important role in identifying an individual with the help of skeletal remains. In this particular chapter, scholars will know about the history, scope and significance of Forensic Anthropology. Scholars can pursue career as Forensic Anthropologist as it is one of the most interesting field in which just skeletal remains will help you in determining the victim's age, sex, and ancestry.
MODULE 2- Forensic Archeology and Scene Processing - Forensic anthropology is the application of the science of anthropology and its various subfields, including forensic archaeology. Forensic Archeology and scene processing method focuses on various basic principles and excavation techniques used by forensic archeologists to ensure that remains are recovered in control and forensically acceptable manner. After going through this section apprentices will have knowledge about the three main areas i.e. How to assist with crime scene research, Investigating and recovery of the evidence and/ or skeletal remains. However, on the other hand detailed information regarding scene documentation along with evidence collection and packaging which is of prime importance will be imparted. It should always kept in mind that the evidence loses its credibility, if chain of custody not maintained properly.
MODULE 3- Human Osteology- The word Osteology is comprised of two Greek words Osteon implies bones and Logy means study, therefore osteology in its broad sense refers to the scientific study of bones. Human Osteology is the branch of osteology that involves the study of human bones and human skeletal system. It is a broad discipline which generally comprises the growth and development of bones along with their structure and functions. This discipline has covered the basic concepts of bones and the terminology associated with it. Study of skeletal anatomy i.e. study of both axial and appendicular skeleton or number of bones of both upper as well as lower extremities, is considered to be an important aspect of human osteology which provides an aid to the forensic anthropologists. This study along with other parameters not only helped in gender differentiation but also proves to be very significant for the purpose of individualization.
MODULE 4- Anthropometric Measurement- Anthropometry means measurements of the human individual which includes the systematic measurement of the human body. For this, numerous instruments have been formulated by anthropologists for taking faultless measurement on the living and skeleton as well. Here scholars will get to know different measurement techniques covering broad areas of Somatoscopy, Somatometry, Osteometry, and Craniometry. Somatoscopy deals with visual observation of different parts of the human body and Somatometry aids in expressing the descriptions through metric values. Osteometry deals with measurement of bones, which helps in comparing the skeletons of different populations. Last but not the least Craniometry is a measurement of the main part of the skull for establishing the differences between groups of population.
MODULE 5- Individualization through Bones- This module focuses on the study of various bones and their characteristics, helping the reader understand the concept of establishing the identity of a person whether living or dead through bones, it also sheds light on medico-legal aspect of identity. One should always provide knowledge in a flow, such is the sketch of this segment. It explains whole identification process in a well-structured manner starting with the establishment of origin, following sex, age and race determination through various bones found from grave, crime scene or in case of living person too. As explained earlier, individualization through bones is the most important part of forensic science by dint help we can estimate the age of dead person and alive person, identification of the race and in order to identify the sex of the human bones can prove to be very use full for us. We can identify the age with the help of fetus, teeth, bones ossification, and suture and we can tell accurate age of the human being with the help of bones. This module also emphases on facial reconstruction, various methods of reconstruction will be covered, which will eventually help recognize culprit or deceased.
MODULE 6- Estimation of Ancestry- Forensic anthropologists tend to examine and determine the ancestry of a skeleton by merely examining the morphology, or shape, of the skull and by taking measurements of the skull vault (cavity) and face. By comparing these results with data from populations worldwide, scientists can evaluate that individual's relationship to a world group. Estimation of ancestry is a module that will focus on craniometric analysis and post cranial methods, and will enrich reader with the knowledge of measurement of the cranium.
MODULE 7- FIELD WORK- This module deals with the very significant aspect of investigation process i.e. Field Methods. It holds all the relevant information regarding field procedures which includes preplanning of field work and the ante-mortem information. Also it deals with the exposure, processing and recording of archeological remains i.e. Excavation and Disinterment. As it comprises of elements of dead remains, this module also contain the investigation process of Burial Location and Burial Classification. It also covers the very important feature of investigation i.e. Post Mortem Interval (PMI) and Time since Death of dead person keeping in mind the process of decomposition. Lastly the quality check for the field work so as to make it accurate for investigation.
MODULE 8- Lab Procedure and Reporting- Setting up a professional lab with all the equipment's is very essential in order to have a proper environment. Examination and techniques such as photography, radiography, microscopy, molding and casting, computing and curating plays very important role in evaluation of any evidence. In this module we will be focusing on such important techniques. On their principle, working and significance. A brief information of legal and ethical consideration will be provided here.
The analysis method varies relying upon the course you register for, likewise: if you're registered for Certification, you'll be assigned an assignment throughout the mid-session of the course, that you're deemed to complete at intervals the month. Similar method is followed in six-monthly Diploma. However in yearly PG Diploma, when the completion of the assignment throughout the mid-sessions; a Project-work is assigned throughout the last quarter, that you've got to complete in an exceedingly a months’ time.
The mode of examination are on-line for the scholars listed in any of the advance courses. When the completion of the individual course period, a username and password would be generated for all the enrolled students. The username and the password would be provided to each student through mail before the date assigned for the examination to be conducted, and consequently they might be requested by the involved authorities to see their mails, so they may use the required details in order to prepare for their exams on our on-line examination portal on the allotted date and time.
Note: Every student will be provided with a username and password a month before the conducting of the exams for the demo-exams, in order to familiarize them with each detail involved with the net examination pattern.
The complete correction and analysis takes almost half a month. Once the analysis method is finally done, the mark sheets and certificates square measure announce on to the communication address of each student, however solely after confirming their communication addresses as mentioned on the submitted application forms. Therefore, the scholars are requested to mention their correct and complete address on their forms, so as to avoid any mistake and distress.
Advance Courses are specially designed keeping in mind, the needs of the advance learners, keen in extending the panorama and limits of their meticulous knowledge. Project is one of the most essential prospects of our advance courses, as this project will help the examiner evaluate the dimensions of the knowledge that the learner has acquired during the period of the specific course.
As a Project work, just before the completion of the course, the learner would be assigned with a topic through mail, which he/she needs to complete within a month’s period and send the soft copy of the completed task through the mail itself. Certain rules are mandatory in making of the Project, and the learner is expected to follow the rules, as the violation of any of the below-listed rules may result in rejection of the submitted Project work, and in that case, the learner will have to re-submit the Project again within the stipulated time-period. The rules to be kept in mind while making the Project are:
1. The learner should mention all the details as name, roll number, address along with the ‘submitted by’ heading. In the ‘submitted to’ section, the learner should mention the name of the Organization.
2. The standard font size should be 12, and the font style should be Times New Roman.
3. The standard spacing should be 1.5, along with a justified text in between the margins.
4. Learner should make sure that no plagiarism should be present in the submitted Project. He/she is free to consult various sources, but the language should be their own.
5. The work should be pleasing so that the evaluator is able to appreciate the hard work of the concerned student by the submitted Project itself.
Note: Same criteria is followed for the evaluation of Assignments as well.
Forensic anthropologists have need of significant formal education to be called as an expert in this field. Forensic anthropologists study old bones to determine various things such as the age, sex, and medical history, along with other identification factors, of deceased persons. Both a bachelor's and a master's degree in anthropology are compulsory in order for a forensic anthropologist to work. They can work in archaeology department or with law enforcement teams.
According to the American Board of Forensic Anthropology (ABFA), people need a bachelor's degree in anthropology or a related field and a master's degree in anthropology to meet the minimum requirements to work as a forensic anthropologist. The ABFA suggests these individuals possess a doctoral degree in biological or physical anthropology, meaning prospective forensic anthropologists could spend up to ten years in school for this career. Formal degree programs often include internships, field work and clinical experience.
Forensic anthropologists can definitely work with law enforcement agencies and will require to assist in processing skeletal evidence. They study bones, an area recognized as osteology, and profile research subjects by gathering information used to determine the individual's age at death, sex and physical condition. Forensic anthropologists might also assist in excavating and relocating human remains, performing dental analysis, determining time of death, assessing trauma to bones and presenting expert testimony in court. They are expected to use scientific standards in their work.
1. What is the purpose of designing Advance courses?
The primary focus of the Advance courses is to target the working professionals. Therefore, the main objective of designing these courses are to provide the working candidates an opportunity to augment their skills and knowledge of the subject, with the advancing technology and science, at their own convenience without any time-limit bounds. These courses provide the candidates a chance to improve and add more to their skills, without even hindering and leaving their comfort zones.
2. Which mode of learning is best-suited for Advance courses?
We provide Advance courses in distance learning as well as online mode. Thus, it totally depends on the candidate to choose any mode according to their convenience and comfort. The only difference is that- in online mode, all the study materials, notes etc. will be provided online, thus the candidate is required to have an access to internet; whereas in distance learning, we send the related books, notes and study materials at the postal address of the respective candidate, which he can go through anywhere and anytime on the basis of his ease.
3. How do I enrol for an Advance course?
In order to enrol for any of the Advance courses, the candidate should send through post or mail the scanned copy of the duly filled and signed application form along with two passport sized photographs and the photocopied documents of the certificates and mark-sheets. In order to download the application form, please check the following link: http://sifs.in/application-form.pdf and to apply online, click on to: http://sifs.in/apply-online.php.
After the submission of the form, the student is required to submit the fee. In order to check and know more about the payment methods, please click on to: http://sifsindia.com/payment/
4. What is Forensic Psychology?
Forensic Psychology is basically defined as a combination of the science of Psychology and Forensic, helpful in aiding in criminal procedures. This subject is generally applied to understand and assess the psychology of the criminals.
5. What is the course content of FSP AC 104?
In the course FSP AC 104, the learners will be acquainted with basics, requirements and the techniques employed in the science to prove the suspect guilty before the court of law, in order to ensure an actual verdict in favour of the victim. This course would design the students in a way, that they will be able to present themselves as an Expert Witness before the court, equipped with ample skills and knowledge of the subject.
For more details, click on to: http://www.sifs.in/prospectus/FSP-AC-104-forensic-psychology.pdf
6. What is the course duration of Certificate, Diploma and PG Diploma courses?
All online and distance courses are divided into three certifications i.e. Certificate course for three months, Diploma course for six months and PG Diploma for one year.
7. What qualification is required to be eligible for an Advance course?
If you are looking for Certificate and Diploma courses, you must have completed your 10+2 or appearing in any discipline from Recognized Board/ School and for PG Diploma course graduation will be required. This course is aptly fit for the working professionals, as it may help in enhancing their subject related knowledge.
8. Where can I register for an Advance course?
We provide online application form for all online or distance students. To download application, form click on- http://www.sifs.in/application-form.pdf
9. When will I receive my study materials, books etc.?
After the completion of your admission process and payment of fee, the students enrolled for online courses will receive a username and password to access e-library within 7-10 working days through mail on their mail id which is mentioned on the application form; whereas distance education students will receive hardcopy of related course materials on the mentioned address by courier or post within 15 working days.
10. What about exams and course credits?
In the last month of your course, we will conduct your online exam. All details regarding your exam will be sent to you on the mail id provided by you and the course credits differs according to course code and divided into project work and examination.
For more info please click on- www.sifs.in
11. How do I get my certificate/mark-sheet, when I have completed my exams?
You will receive your mark-sheet and certificate within a month on your mentioned address by courier or post.
12. What is the scope and career of Forensic Psychology?
Forensic Psychology offers a wide range of opportunity to the students aspiring to make their careers as Forensic Scientists and Investigators. With a sense of keen observation and the ability of seeing the unseen are a few traits that would promise the aspiring students to make a colourful career in the wonderful arena of Forensic. You can nurture and enhance your career by this course, as it may provide you with numerous opportunities from laboratories and classrooms to court-rooms.
13. Am I required to pay any extra fee for examination, study materials etc.?
No. Your course fee includes Study materials, Books, Notes, I-Card, Examination Fee. You are not required to pay any extra amount, but in some cases- additional taxes / fees may apply. If you are living out of India and interested in printed notes and books, then you have to pay shipping/postal charges extra.
14. How can I pay my course fee by credit card in USD?
Indian Students may use Universal Currency Converter from http://www.xe.com/ucc/ to pay fee in other currencies, or International students visit this link- http://www.sifs.in/onlinefee.php to check out the fee structure. You can pay your course fee from here- http://www.sifs.org.in/payment (Students enrolled for courses having course duration more than 6 months can pay their Course Fee in maximum two instalments, but Rs. 2000 will be charged extra.)
15. I am interested in a career in this field. Where do I start?
In order to initiate a career into this field, you should have a zeal and urge to unveil the veiled. A certificate, diploma and PG diploma course would help you groom your knowledge theoretically as well as practically, thereby ensuring a safe and secure career.
16. Where will I work?
You may avail opportunities as a Forensic Psychologist in Central as well as various State hospitals. You can also practice as a Psychiatrist/Counsellor in any private hospital.
17. Can a working professional opt for the course FSP AC 104?
Yes, the course FSP AC 104 is very aptly designed for working professionals, as they may get an access to the subject matter anywhere, anytime according to their own ease and comfort.
18. How can this course be beneficial for a working professional?
Yes, this course will provide an add-on advantage to a working professional. Therefore, this course can prove to be very worthy for working personnel as well.
19. Will I get placed after completing this course?
After the completion of this course, an aspirant may avail opportunities in Research Institutes and various Dentistry-related departments all around the Nation.
20. Which other courses can I opt for, other than Forensic Psychology?
Other than Forensic Psychology, we also provide a list of other Forensic-related courses. For detailed info, please check the below-mentioned details-
For distance/online courses: http://sifs.in/online-forensic-science-courses.php for classroom courses: http://www.sifs.in/classroom-forensic-courses.php
Jack the Ripper
In the book, “The Cases That Haunt Us” by John Douglas and Mark Olshaker, there was a profile of Jack the Ripper made by Douglas and Roy Hazelwood. According to them, the Ripper was a disorganized, paranoid killer. He would have been a white male in his late 20s to early 30s who was raised in a household marked by a passive or absent father and a dominant mother who may also have been promiscuous and/or an alcoholic. He later became an introverted, antisocial loner who set fires and tortured animals as an outlet for his anger. At the time of the murders, he would have been calm, quiet, and inconspicuous.
If he had a job, he would have chosen one in which he could pursue his interests, such as a morgue worker, butcher, mortician's assistant, low-ranking hospital staff, etc., since the way the Ripper cut out organs from his victims suggests some anatomical knowledge. The times of the murders indicate that he would have had days off on certain weekends and holidays and could come and go from his home as he pleased without anyone noticing. He was also probably neither married nor involved in any committed relationship, the majority of his association with women having most likely been prostitutes.
He may have had some physical defect that made him feel inadequate or unattractive. Because of a negative self-image, he displayed paranoid traits and carried one or more knives for self-defence purposes. Prior to the murders, he may have visited pubs and drunk in order to relieve himself of some tension. He may also have been seen wandering on the streets looking for potential victims. It is possible that he was at one point interviewed or questioned by the police.
All these courses are Online / Distance mode. Each student can access their course module by login our online study portal i.e.
Apart from above course details, there are some additional details of this course. More details can be get by clicking here such as-
1. Eligibility for the Admission
2. Admission Procedure
3. Examination Pattern
4. Grading System in Examination
5. Course Fee and Concession
6. Types of Certificates
7. Study Materials
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