The questioned document examination course covers the basis fundamentals for handwriting verification furthermore as principles and theories accepted by document examiners worldwide. It would be discuss signature analysis, disguise, anonymous writing variations, as well ink and printed documents, alterations, typewritten and computerized documents. Students would be work on a multiple practical exercises and several real cases throughout the course.
Forensic questioned document are often outlined as any material either movable or stabile that holds a written or drawn inscription. A questioned document is elucidated as any text or document whose credibleness or legitimacy has been questioned, or is taken into account to be uncertain. During this course listed as questioned document examination, the scholars are going to be tutored associate introduction regarding the documents, the classes are classified. Additionally, the scholars are going to be enlightened regarding the truthfulness of the Document Examination, its application just in case determination. The cases loosely thought of into the questioned document section are- the signature verification, the handwriting verification and examination, the examination of spurious computer-generated documents, the examination of written documents, counterfeit currency so on.
In addition, the science of questioned document examination rests on the day by day increasing forgery and iniquity associated with documents. The examination usually relates to the documents as agreement, deed, property papers, wills, cheques, and stamps. The document examiner conjointly checks for the presence of the other criminal activity as addition, deletion, insertion or obliteration within the involved document. The first concern of a document examiner is to decipher the kind of forgery, so when scientifically prepare a report considering the varied aspects that area unit to be taken under consideration whereas conducting the examination.
Students are going to be tutored the basics of the handwriting science, the science of handwriting could be a neuro-muscular task that involves a correct co-ordination of brain with the muscles and bones. It's thanks to this reality that one will copy one’s writing, however this cannot be finished cent-percent accuracy, potency and perfection. Even just in case of monozygotic/ identical twins, United Nations agency share similar appearances and genetic structures don't bear constant handwriting. Therefore, this sciences is with competence as reliable because the science of fingerprint.
Examination parameters that area unit looked upon throughout the questioned document examination area unit usually classified into two:
• General characteristics, because the name itself clarifies, area unit the characteristics that will stay common to a category of individuals. The category characteristics represent options as- slant, slope, alignment, direction, line quality, size and proportion, spacing, ability of writing, pen pressure, pen lifts, pen movement and speed. When a close and full-proof examination of sophistication characteristics, associate approach towards the individual characteristics must to be created.
• Specific individual characteristics, talk to the characteristics that all part distinctive to each individual. Each individual possesses his own expressive style, his own approach of forming letters in a very peculiar manner. Therefore, these characteristics are same to be individual in nature as they bear a trace of individuality in themselves. The points that are thought of in these characteristics are- i-dot, t-crossbar and therefore the formation of different alphabets.
In additional manner internship offering in Questioned document examination, students would feel well-equipped with the power of deciphering the peculiar from the real.
Module-1 Forensic questioned document examination
On many cases, a document is existing that's evidently of a precise suggests that, needed to prove the authentic which means by questioned document examiner. Forensic questioned document analysis can each usually involve the study of document, questioned document analysis U/S 463 of IPC, standards exemplars, scientific examination of documents, nature and problem of document, the importance of photographic proof, handling and preservation of questioned and standards exemplars.
Module-2 The examination of computer generated documents
Computer generated text on document by printing strategies like dot-matrix, inkjet, laser etc. usually somewhat needed to prove the authentication of printing values in legal aspects. It'll introduce the strategies of pre-examination analysis, examination procedures, examination of original and photocopied document, and identification of written document.
Printing machines have multiple identification marks of the printing procedures like drum, high speed mainframe line, drum and chain printers, character-at-a-time printer technology printers like kind ball and daisy wheel.
Dot matrix printers, have multiple pins to strike the paper through ribbon for transferring the printer's ink. In their matrix dot matrix, if pins are broken or not adequate in nature they leave multiple marks on the document. These marks play an important role in distinguishing the actual printer.
Due to the frequently created print in inkjet printing technology, somewhat the unkempt marks straightforward to look at. But the inkjet written documents area unit easy to differentiate by the fundamental of their printing. The module also will introduce you to the monochrome and color laser/ led printers, photocopiers, analysis of photocopies, distinguishing individual photocopiers, facsimile machines, manipulated faxes and fax machine defects.
Module-3 Guidelines for the examination of handwriting and approaches
Questioned document examiner must to follow the various scientific guidelines for the examination of handwriting and other questioned documents, which have been defined in the multiple steps to examine the authentic values in the manner that purpose, requirements, procedures, evaluation of the questioned writing, evaluation of the known writing, conduct a side by side comparison of questioned and known writing, techniques and principles used in document examination, instruments used in document examination and indented writing Impressions (for original Documents).
TLC “Thin Layer Chromatography”, is often too conceivable to differentiate the inks used in writing. It is very helpful in the examination and verification of the ink whether the same ink is used in the writing or some alteration and addition made with the others. The module will introduced you to the introduction to ink analysis, identification of ink, ink analysis basics, main components of ink, layout analysis, ink analysis (alterations) and the importance of original documents in ink examination.
Paper examination contains the nature of paper- size, color, thickness, finishing and density of papers, watermarks, analysis of weave, paper fiber analysis and various characteristics of the paper plays an important role in the examination.
Module-4 Handwriting examination and comparison
Examination and comparison of the handwriting is based on some abbreviations by its nature alignment, arrangement, connections, initial stroke, pen lifts, pen pressure, punctuation, rhythm, shading, size, slope, terminal stroke, tremor and the individual features. It is thoroughly examination of the writing variations, typical problems involved in handwriting identification and disguised handwriting.
Module-5 Identification of signatures
The students will learn all aspects of signatures, which will enhance their skills in examination and report writing such as introduction to signature identification, genuine signatures, accidental variations- receipt signatures, signatures influenced by alcohol and drugs and illness and old age, forged and distorted / disguised signatures- traced forgeries, simulated forgeries, spurious signatures and spouse’s limitations, identification of the initials and illiterate’s marks, evaluating non original signatures, and forgery by transplanting a genuine signature.
Module-6 Alterations, erasures, and obliterations
Alterations, erasures and obliterations often very important to examine in every documents with the help of light sources, ultra violet light, chemical solvents etc. The module defined as evaluation of editing present in documents, nature of alteration, nature of erasures, types of erasures, nature of obliteration, overwriting and insertions.
Module-7 Security features in different type of documents
Due to some reasons lie identity theft, frauds, money laundry, monetary gaining etc., there are much authentic documents fraudulently altered and forged. This module including all aspects of security features in various documents- PAN card, TAN card, voter ID card, driving license, UID Aadhar card, passport, stamp and e-stamp paper, bankers cheque, QR code and Bar code and identification features of Indian and other currency
Module-8 Anti money laundering documents verification
It will introduces to anti money laundering documents such as- bank statements, Form-16, income Tax Return, voter ID card, salary slip, driving license, pan card, ration card, passport, telephone bill, electricity bill etc.
Module-9 Visual illustration and case study of documents
In a practical aspects, the module would be introduced you to the disguised forgery, traced forgery, forgery by memory, forgery by impersonation, forgery over a genuine signature, forgery by transplanting a genuine signature, forgery of rubber seals or stamps and real case studies.
Practical based on the exercises and experiences with the full fledge training in the forensic lab. In this practical module Questioned Document Examination, students will acquaint with the introduction of documents, types of document, role of crime scene investigator, importance of Locard’s exchange principle, types of crime scene, collection of control samples through photograph at crime scene, questioned documents and anti-money laundering, visual illustration and case study of questioned documents and opinion report writing.
This Questioned Document Examination course is designed to assist students and forensic specialists to develop the theoretical as well practical knowledge supporting Forensic Document Examination and offer concentrated practical and internship experiences. It would be also comprising the analysis of questioned handwriting and signatures, questioned and fraudulent document examination and provides you practical in the use of a range of highly specialized techniques like under UV light, comparison microscopy etc. It will acquaint you to the Handwriting examination methods and techniques such as-
Module-1: Collection of control samples through photograph at crime scene - Collection of control sample at a scene of crime through the photograph and other tool and techniques will introduce the online and distance students to the collection and preservation of the evidences related to documents.
Students would be guided on a practical activities, to know about investigation and management of scene of crime, evidence searching method, lifting and packaging of evidence on the basis of their nature. The importance of photography at crime scene and its utility in legal proceedings.
Module-2: Principles and values of handwriting and signature comparison- Handwriting and signature comparison will introduce you to the principle of comparison, side by side comparison, methods and tools in examination process, parameters related to the examination of handwriting and signatures such as general or class characteristics (alignments, line quality, pen pressure, rhythm, direction, pen pause, pen lifts, connectivity, slant etc.) and individual characteristics.
Module-3: Individualities of traced, simulated and disguised writing- According to principle: It's far tough to eliminate an author than it's to identify one. Tracing is that the carefully repeating of writing habits while using a model as a guide. Techniques of tracing a sample signature is using transmitted light, like a windows or light box. The model signature is placed on the light source first and a second sheet of paper, on that the traced writing is written, is placed over the sample. The forger then uses a pen or pencil to follow define of the sample writing Practical module will classify you, the unique features of the traced forgery, simulated forgery and disguised writing. It covers forgeries, its methods, tools and techniques to examine the forgeries and practices on the window tracing, carbon paper tracing, glass tracing etc.
Module-4: Individualities of machine-driven writing such as check-writers, photo-copiers, typewriters, printers- laser, inkjet and dot matrix- The word “Copy” refers to a photocopy, fax or any form of digitally produced documents wherever the writing was scanned into a file, recalled, and printed through a printer. Some Forensic Document Examiners hold that a digitally created document is that the original. In fact, the writing of the document was created on the computer file text is written. Module comprising the identification of the differences between the photocopied, typewritten and printed documents. Then it would be acquaint you to the characteristics of laser, inkjet and dot matrix printing features, examination of printed documents, examination of cheque forgeries etc.
Module-5: Restoration and decipherment of indented impressions and damaged documents- Under this practical module, you would be familiarize with the introduction of the indented writing, collection and preservation of damaged documents, packing of damaged documents, ESDA, examination of indented writing with the help of basic and advanced tools.
Module-6: Examinations of altered, erased and charred documents- This module is framed to make the students understand what actually Questioned Document Examination is all about. This practical module would help students gather information and use of application of examination techniques in the legal proceedings. Through this module, students would be made aware of the altered documents, erased documents and charred documents. Then the collection and packaging of the altered, erased and charred documents and its examination process.
Module-7: Ink and paper analysis- In this module, the features of the ink and paper identification would be taught to the students. The minute details as quality, time, age determination of the paper and ink are of great help in establishing the identity of a questioned documents.
Module-8: Physical matching techniques- This module focusses on importance of examination of physical matching techniques. This practical module would help students in the procedure of examination and to make the report writing with the help of the multiple tool and techniques such as- comparison microscope, UV light, transmitted light etc.
Module-9: Methods of creating counterfeits currency and principles and methodology of examining counterfeits- Nowadays money counterfeiting is most common scenario in India and some other countries. Module will help to make aware the students the features of genuine currency and fake currency. It will comprises the examination of genuine currency through identification marks like- security thread, braille mark, water mark, intaglio printing, latent image, micro lettering, optical fibers etc. It also includes the identification of other foreign currencies.
Module-10: Questioned Documents and anti-money laundering– Module-2 of the training session will delineate you to introduction of document and questioned document, nature and scope of questioned document examination, standard exemplars, introduction to anti money laundering documents such as- bank statements, Form-16, income Tax Return, voter ID card, salary slip, driving license, pan card, ration card, passport, telephone bill, electricity bill.
In the training session, the trainees would be learning about the security features of various documents such as PAN card, TAN card, voter ID card, driving license, UID Aadhar card, passport, stamp and e-stamp paper, banker’s cheque, QR code and Bar code.
It will also introduce you to the identification features and examination of Indian and other currencies.
Module-11: Visual illustration and case study of questioned documents- Visual illustration and case study of questioned documents is completely covers the practical aspects therefore it will guide the students to the disguised forgery, traced forgery through carbon paper, butter paper, tracing paper etc., forgery by memory, forgery by impersonation, forgery over a genuine signature, forgery by transplanting a genuine signature, forgery of rubber seals or stamps and real case studies.
The evaluation procedure followed for the classroom courses is entirely different, when compared to online/distance learning courses. A weekly test is conducted for the students enrolled into the classroom courses, in order to assess their involvement into the class curriculum. This helps the trainer in narrowing down the doubts and queries of the students regarding the subject.
Examination The mode of examination for the classroom students will be like any other examination pattern. During the course duration, students will be asked to prepare their practical files, date wise along with the completion of a particular practical. They are expected to be sincere in their curriculum, as this quality would provide them with an additional advantage. Along with the practical, during the mid-sessions, they will be allotted a topic as an assignment, which they are expected to complete in about fifteen to twenty days maximum. After the course is thoroughly completed, a written examination is conducted on a decided date. The students are given question paper having multiple choice questions (MCQs) as well as the subjective questions.
Result The complete correction takes almost fifteen days. Once the correction is finally undertaken, the mark sheets and certificates of every student is prepared and they are officially called upon to inform them regarding the distribution date. On the stipulated date, they are expected to come to the Institute and collect the respective documents.
We provide Internships to all the interested students, as by this plan we aspire to make the students analytically prepare for a scientific investigative technique. Through this programme, we equip the interns with all the necessary scientific techniques and logical thinking that one must implicate and possess while dealing with cases that require and a very thorough, yet minute observation, ensuring that no fact or detail is left behind, erroneously.
During the internship, every intern is allotted a mentor, who will guide him/her throughout the internship period. The prime duty of an intern is to learn the basics and the practical techniques employed in investigation, by the help of their mentor.
Eligibility criteria for internship
Participants should be in their junior or last year in college or in any graduate school, pursuing a degree in Forensic Science, Criminology, Biology, Chemistry, Quantitative Analysis, Biotechnology, Analytical Chemistry, Instrumental Analysis, Biochemistry, Microbiology, Cell Biology, Genetics, Physics or other equivalent disciplines.
Internship program duration
The 30 to 45 days non-paid internship will necessitate each intern to complete an assigned project topic with a Forensic Laboratory fellow containing of a wide works assessment, laboratory related experiments and researches and manifold practices on real case studies and field works.
Illustrations of Forensic Science Laboratory work includes
Crime Scene investigation and managements- (practices on real or mock indoor and outdoor crime scene), collection and preservation of evidence, crime scene reconstruction, chain of custody, strategies of the investigation of the scene of crime and therefore the searching methods of the physical proofs with definition, sorts and their significances. The subject can embody assortment, preservation, packaging and forwarding of various sorts of proof to the laboratories and their outcomes. This internship is meant to instruct you to the multiple real case studies.
Physical evidence collection and preservation- In the steps of the investigation of crime scene, modern methods of the investigation of the crime scene and the searching methods of the physical evidence with definition, types and their significances. The internship session will include collection, preservation, packaging and forwarding of different types of evidence to the laboratories and their outcomes. This internship programme is designed to instruct you to the multiple case studies.
Fingerprinting- The practical delineate you to the general fingerprint introduction, history of fingerprint, classification and divisions of fingerprint, development of fingerprint etc. In other facets, the practical module deliberate wholly the practical parts to development, examination of fingerprints and report writing.
You would be practice on different types of fingerprints and their methods of development.
Physical methods- Roll and flat method, powder techniques; black powder, fluorescent powders, magnetic powder, cyanoacrylate method etc.
Chemical methods- Iodine fuming (Nonpermanent visualization), Ninhydrin (Reacts with proteins), AgNO3 (Reacts with salt) etc.
Advanced techniques- Live scanner technique.
Levels to examine and identification of fingerprint - fingerprints have three phases of study
1. Pattern identification
2. Minutiae examination
Practicals of other identification marks- Practicals of other identification marks will introduce you to the introduction to the other identification marks, role and importance of other impressions, nature and problems of unique identification marks, types of tool and techniques photography of impressions evidence, recording etc.
It will enable the participants to- Lip Print, Footprint and Skid Marks would also be a part of this training module in an accompanying manner.
Questioned Document examination (forgery) and visual illustration and case study of questioned documents- Interns will be taught about the documents, their nature, problems, and examination. The fundamentals of handwriting verification, examination and signature verification are introduced to the internship participants along with the practical sessions on the common types of cases that we encounter on a general basis. This module would enable the trainees to differentiate very precisely between genuine writing and signature, to a forged one. The importance of photography at crime scene and its utility in legal proceedings.
Visual illustration and case study of questioned documents is completely covers the practical aspects therefore it will guide the trainees to the disguised forgery, traced forgery through carbon paper, butter paper, tracing paper etc., forgery by memory, forgery by impersonation, forgery over a genuine signature, forgery by transplanting a genuine signature, forgery of rubber seals or stamps and real case studies. The security features of various documents such as PAN card, TAN card, voter ID card, driving license, UID Aadhar card, passport, stamp and e-stamp paper, banker’s cheque, QR code and Bar code.
Cyber Forensic- It is a decisive part to get a practical and professional knowledge. Practical on cyber forensics acquaint you to the cyber forensic investigation practices, case studies and so on. In the practical sessions offered for cyber forensic, participants will be made aware of various cyber threats, their legal aspects. They will also be taught about the loop-holes that may create vulnerability for one’s social security and the practices on video and audio cases.
Private Investigation- It would acquaint you with real cases such as pre-matrimonial, post- matrimonial, kidnaping, missing person etc. and the techniques required to be an investigator.
Interns duties and responsibilities:
Duties may differ, depending on present project necessities. Projects topics are usually related to Forensic Science. Trainees or interns will not execute autonomous case-work on evidence samples.
Forensic Trainer/ Forensic Expert
Supervision that will be provided by the SIFS INDIA, forensic laboratory. The internship provides an opportunity for interns to achieve hands-on practice. Interns will be performing to a variability of analytical works and will be directly mentored by Forensic Expert.
The enrolment starts with the submission of your certificates and resume. Documents must be submitted through e-mail (firstname.lastname@example.org) between January and April. Applicants will be interrogated by the project leader.
DURATION AND TIMINGS OF INTERNSHIP
The duration scheduled for the internship is 30-45 days during the summer vacations and require full day (six - eight hours) or less hours per day. Time schedule may vary depending on work and intern convenience. Usually timing can be scheduled between 9 AM to 5 PM, Monday to Saturday.
ADVANTAGES OF TRAINING
· >> Internship will provide you the practical knowledge and opportunities to investigate the legal cases.
>>The internship session related to Forensic Science discipline familiarize you to brief knowledge of Forensics in classroom assembly.
>> Interns attend to plenary training session and case studies, and learn more about criminal investigation.
>> Though internship is an unpaid that does lead to temporary employment, offers interns an excellent experiences in working within a full fledge forensic laboratory.
>> It furthermore provides an opportunity to explore your career option. Gain skills and knowledge that accompaniment their academic studies, build resumes and connections with specialists in the forensic science environment.
FEE FOR INTERNSHIP
The internship or training would be payable for participants. They can avail an add-on advantages of earning scholarship on their respective course fee.
After the successful completion of internship, a valedictory function is organized on the last day where participants are distributed the certificate and a farewell treat is arranged for the participants from the Organization.
1. What is Questioned Document Examination?
Questioned Document Examination is all about making the students understand the fundamentals, principles and application of the science of writing in the criminal investigation. This subject would acquaint the students with the various crimes involving the documents, the types of forgery, their features, techniques of identifying them and establishing the authenticity of various computer generated documents using different visualization, physical and chemical techniques.
2. What is the course content of FSP CC 103?
The course Questioned Document Examination (FSP CC 103) includes all about introduction of documents as per law. Course will introduce you to interactive training session and practicals on the scientific and technical methods involved in deciphering the type of forgery to the scientific submission of opinion into the court-room.
For more details click on- http://www.sifs.in/prospectus/FSP-CC-103-Questioned-Document-Examination.pdf
3. What is the course duration of Certificate, Diploma and PG Diploma courses?
All classroom courses are divided into three certifications i.e. Certificate course for three months, Diploma course for six months and PG Diploma for one year.
4. What qualification is required to be eligible for the above-mentioned courses?
If you are looking for Certificate and Diploma courses, you must have completed your 10+2 or appearing in any discipline from Recognized Board/ School and for PG Diploma course graduation will be required. In the admission process, self-attested mark-sheets and certificates of the previous school/college and transfer certificate along with 2 passport size photographs will be required from the student.
5. Where can I register for classroom education courses?
We provide online application form for all students. To download application, form click on- http://www.sifs.in/application-form.pdf
6. When will I receive my study materials, books etc.?
After the completion of your admission process and payment of fee, the students enrolled for classroom courses will receive you hardcopy, books and notes. After class, you will receive your notes related to your class particulars.
7. What about exams and course credits?
In the last month of your course, we will conduct your offline exam. All details regarding your exam will explain you in your period of course and the course credits differs according to course code and divided into assignment, project and exam.
For more detail please click on- www.sifs.in/ims
8. How do I get my certificate/mark-sheet, when I have completed my exams?
You will receive your mark-sheet and certificate within a month on your mentioned address by courier or you can collect your mark sheet and certificates at the study centre.
9. What is the difference between classroom and online/distance education? Which is the best mode of education?
Both modes of education are good. In the classroom mode you will get knowledge with practical way and also familiarize with the real case studies and in the other mode of education, online/distance students will get course material and eBooks related to their course code through courier. For practical and summer training session, an extra amount is charged for online/distance learning students.
10. Where do I find out what courses are being offered classroom?
We provide all information on the website- www.sifs.in ,
11. Although my degree is in an unrelated field of study, I have taken quite a few science courses. Am I eligible to apply?
Yes. You are eligible for this Questioned Document Examination (FSP CC 103), if you have completed or if you are pursuing your 10+2 or graduation in any discipline from a Recognized Board/ School/ College.
12. What is the scope and career of forensic education and related courses?
Forensic Science offers a wide range of opportunity to the students aspiring to make their careers as Forensic Scientists and Investigators. With a sense of keen observation and the ability of seeing the unseen are a few traits that would promise the aspiring students to make a colorful career in the wonderful arena of Forensic.
13. Should I pay any extra fee for examination, study materials etc.?
No. Your course fee includes Study materials, Books, Notes, I-Card, Examination Fee. You are not required to pay any extra amount, but in some cases- additional taxes / fees may apply. Summer training or internship sessions will be payable for classroom students with 15% scholarship.
14. What will I get after joining classroom course?
You will get study materials, notes and books related to your course and id-card.
15. How can I pay my course fee by credit card in USD?
Indian Students may use Universal Currency Converter from http://www.xe.com/ucc/ to pay fee in other currencies, or International students visit this link- http://www.sifs.in/onlinefee.php to check out the fee structure. You can pay your course fee from here- http://www.sifs.org.in/payment (Students enrolled for courses having course duration more than 6 months can pay their Course Fee in maximum two instalments, but Rs. 2000 will be charged extra.)
16. Why is internship important?
Internship or training is a vital part of classroom as well as online and distance students. It is intended to provide students with the opportunity to place theories into practicals. It is also very helpful to develop their skills that support professional life by preparing and encouraging them to apply their abilities and knowledge acquired through study in a work later on. So, even before the students completed their course they are trained to be job-ready, therefore increasing the student’s employment prospects.
17. What is the best route to prepare for a career as a forensic scientist?
SIFS INDIA provides professional course Questioned Document Examination (FSP CC 103) to acquire knowledge from the basics. The course interest attribute to up showing television shows focused on law enforcement and forensics. Subject offers the opportunity to grow your career in many sub disciples.
18. I am interested in a career in this field. Where do I start?
In order to initiate a career into this field, you should have a zeal and urge to unveil the veiled. A certificate, diploma and PG diploma course would help you groom your knowledge theoretically as well as practically, thereby ensuring a safe and secure career.
19. Where will I work?
You may avail opportunities as a Questioned Document Examiner in the Document Division of Central as well as various State Government Labs. You can also practice as a Private Forensic Questioned Document Examiner and present yourself in any Indian Court of Law as an Expert Witness under Section 45 of Indian Evidence Act.
20. What are the other specialized forensic science careers can be found outside the crime laboratory?
Other than working in the Crime Laboratory, you can also be appointed as a Crime Scene Investigator in Police Stations or you can also be appointed as an Investigator for the Mobile Forensic Laboratory.
The Hitler Diaries
In April 1983, the West German news magazine Stern published excerpts from what they claimed to be the diaries of Adolf Hitler, a series of books written between 1932 and 1945. Stern journalist Gerd Heidemann claimed to have paid 10 million German marks for the 60 small books, which had allegedly been smuggled from a crash site in Dresden by ‘Dr. Fischer’.
One page was taken from the diaries and examined by handwriting experts in Europe and the USA, which resulted in numerous experts agreeing that the handwriting did in fact belong to Hitler. However when a press conference was held, Writer David Irving presented photocopies of another fake Hitler diary claiming it was from the same source as the magazine’s material. This sparked further controversy, so the diaries were analysed further. Bundesarchiv, the German Federal Archives, soon established that the diaries were written on modern paper with modern inks, proving them as fakes. Furthermore, Dr. Julius Grant in London conducted a forensic analysis of the diaries, agreeing that the diaries were in fact fakes.
It was discovered that the so-called Hitler diaries were actually written by Konrad Kajau, a notorious Stuttgart forger. Kajau and Heidemann were both sentenced to 42 months in prison.
All these courses are Online / Distance mode. Each student can access their course module by login our online study portal i.e.
Apart from above course details, there are some additional details of this course. More details can be get by clicking here such as-
1. Eligibility for the Admission
2. Admission Procedure
3. Examination Pattern
4. Grading System in Examination
5. Course Fee and Concession
6. Types of Certificates
7. Study Materials
For further Course details Click Here-->>
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