The Crime Scene Investigation plays a very crucial role in the criminal investigation process. Every scene of crime is delicate in nature. Therefore, suitable processing is the most primary requisite in the criminal investigation proceedings. The students will be taught the way to process every crime scene differently. As a matter of fact, outdoor crime scene is much more sensitive and friable in nature, therefore it’s the first and foremost duty of the Investigator to provide ample protection to the crime scene, so that all the means of alteration and contamination can be restricted. This condition of providing security to the crime scene is a must for indoor crime scene as well. After securing the crime scene with tapes and barricades, an Investigator should move ahead to the secondary step of a thorough documentation of the crime scene, which involves sketching, photographing and note-making of the scene of crime by the Investigator. The purpose of documenting is to serve the motive of presenting the evidences and the related facts to the court-room, without hindering the circumstantially related facts.
After a thorough crime scene processing, then comes the task of a sequential collection of the evidences. During the collection and packaging of evidences in order to be sent to the respective laboratory divisions for further analysis, the Investigator should make sure that in doing so he doesn’t cause any cross-contamination to the encountered evidences, as such an act, even if occurred accidentally may lead to poor analysis that may result in inadequate trial and verdict.
The last section of the module is about the major evidences commonly spotted at a crime scene, such as glass, fiber, soil, paint and tool marks. The students will be taught about the nature, the differential value of these evidences, their importance as an evidence and the methods and techniques that can be employed to establish their linkage with the scene of crime.
After the course gets completed, the students would be provided with multiple practical sessions, in order to groom and enhance their expertise as an Investigator. Therefore, an urge to learn and explore more would enable the students to be well-equipped with all the nitty-gritties and witty tactics required to be an exceptional Investigator.
Module-1 Crime scene investigations
As an in depth, this module of the respective course description includes definition of crime, types of crime scene, securing and recording of crime scene, searching of physical evidences, crime scene survey & recording, Locard’s exchange principle, documentation and presentation of the encountered evidences in the court, processing and reconstruction of the crime scene.
The pre-requisites of the course is criminal investigation, eyewitness identifications, sex crime investigations, homicide investigations, meetings and interrogations, to attain an understanding of the obligations and duties of a criminal investigator etc.
Module-2 Physical evidence
The mode of learning (Certification, Diploma and PG Diploma) in crime scene investigation will provide sufficient knowledge to develop a student's professional strength. The module comprising the definition and types of physical evidence, importance of physical evidence in court of law. Its nature- fragile or transient evidence and solid or tangible evidence, physical evidence searching methods, evidence supervision- chain of custody, blood splattering analysis, collection, preservation, packing and forwarding of different types of evidence to the laboratories, role and importance of photography.
Module-3 Investigation techniques
The additional significant part of the investigation is “Investigation techniques” in the criminal justice system. In this online and distance course module you will be learn preliminary methods of investigation, methods and procedures used in crime scene.
After completing course-104, you would be able to investigate and identify such techniques- by analyzing criminals & criminal behavior, modus operandi, criminal profiling, portrait parley, polygraphy, narco-analysis, brain fingerprinting, voice stress analysis and speaker profiling.
Module-4 Glass evidence
Glass evidence can be used for manifold tracing evidence like blood, fingerprints, and broken glasses. It is a very valuable evidence at a scene of crime to conclude the nature of crime. The fragment of glass regularly encountered at the scene of crime. The composition and features of every glass is different like window glass, bottle, crystal, lead etc. and can help to reach to opinion in some specific hit and run and other cases.
This module would introduce you to glass as an evidence- its definition and classification, forensic examination of glass fractures under different conditions, variability of glass and primary glass types, determination of direction of impact - cone-fracture, rib marks, hackle marks, backward fragmentation, types of fracture - impact fractures, heat fractures, fractures caused by projectiles, glass cutters - the mechanical fit, glass particle comparisons, refractive index and dispersion, density determinations using plummet and balance, density determinations using a density meter, product considerations, elemental analysis of glass, and other related examinations such as color and fluorescence, physical matching and measurements, density comparison, refractive index by refractometer.
Module-5 Soil evidence
The science of soil introduces and acquaints the students with an ability to answer the legal criminal cases by familianzing them with the significance and utility of soil as an evidence in criminal investigations.
The structure of the module will explain you to the formation and types of soil, composition and color of soil, particle size distribution & turbidity test, analytical examination of soil, density distribution of particles, mineral analysis, chemical analysis, density gradient analysis & ignition loss, differential thermal analysis & elemental analysis, interpretation of soil evidence.
Module-6 Paint evidence
In the forensic investigation cases, paint is a very commonly encountered evidence in various cases like burglary, hit-and run case etc. The module describes the fundamentals of paint, in the manner that types of paint and their composition, paint chemistry, terminology and components, resinous vehicles, automotive finishes, macroscopic and microscopic studies, pigment distribution, micro-chemical and instrumental analysis – solubility test, pyrolysis chromatographic techniques, TLC, colorimetry, IR spectroscopy, X-Ray diffraction, elemental analysis and interpretation of paint evidence.
Module-7 Tool marks and impressions
This is also very frequently encountered evidence in burglary cases. The tool marks trace evidence contain patterns left on the objects at crime scene. Such as the tool marks are behaving like a link to complete the chain of custody in criminal cases. It is also possible to detect the authentication of the tool with the help of its trace marks.
Module is structured as a defined manner like preservation and packaging of tools, types of tool marks: compression marks, striated marks, combination of compression and striated marks, repeated marks, class characteristics and individual characteristics, tracing and lifting of marks, photographic examination of tool marks and the cut marks on clothes and walls etc., restoration of erased/obliterated marks, method of marking - cast, punch, engrave, methods of obliteration, method of restoration-etching (etchings for different metals), magnetic, electrolytic etc., recording of restored marks – restoration of marks on wood, leather, polymer etc.
The evidentiary value of fiber is very important in some cases like burglary and hit and run cases. It may be found on glass, tire, clothes, nails, shoes etc. In the other aspects sex offences and harassment cases, it plays a dynamic role to identify and distinguish between the two different individual’s clothes fiber as well as vehicle seat fiber.
It will demonstrate you to the types of fibers & importance of fiber as an evidence, fiber examination – fluorescent, optical properties, refractive index, birefringence, dye analysis and identification and comparison of man-made and nature fiber.
The evaluation process varies depending upon the course you enroll for, likewise: if you are enrolled for Certification, you will be allotted an assignment during the mid-session of the course, which you are deemed to complete within the month. Similar process is followed in Diploma. But in PG Diploma, after the completion of the assignment during the mid-sessions; a Project-work is assigned during the last quarter, which you have to complete in a month’s time.
The mode of examination will be online for the students enrolled either in online courses or in distance course. After the completion of the respective course duration, a username and password would be generated for all the enlisted students. The username and the password would be mailed to every student prior to the date allotted for the examination to be held, and accordingly they would be requested by the concerned authorities to check their mails, so that they could use the specified details in order to give their exams on our online examination portal on the allocated date and time.
Note: Every student will be given a username and password a month before the conducting of the exams for the demo-exams, so that they get to know every detail concerned with the online examination pattern.
The complete correction and evaluation takes about two weeks. After the evaluation process is finally done, the mark-sheets and certificates are posted on to the postal address of every student, but only after verifying their postal addresses as mentioned on the submitted application forms. Therefore, the students are always requested to mention their correct and complete address on their application form, in order to avoid further confusion and disappointment.
Training is a decisive part to get a practical and professional knowledge. SIFS India provides an affluence training of forensic science. Training schedule is arranged to provide a sympathetic knowledge of general forensic science applies, practicals related to crime scene investigation, examination principles, investigation techniques and case studies.
This collaborative training session is designed for online and distance students. The training would acquaint the students with mock practicals of crime scene investigation, and the crime scene investigation techniques required to be an investigator and examiner of the scene of crime and various case studies.
Module-1 Crime scene investigation and management
The summer training as announced exercises and experiences with the full fledge training in the forensic lab. In the training module of crime scene investigation and management, the first part of module will introduce you to the definition and types of crime, role of crime scene investigator, importance of Locard’s exchange principle and types of crime scene.
Mock practice on- Indoor Crime Scene and Outdoor Crime Scene.
The another section of this module will be mentioning the types of evidence; fragile or transient evidence and solid or tangible evidence and the physical evidence searching methods like-
1. Spiral search
2. Grid search
3. Strip search
4. Zone search etc.
Crime Scene Reconstruction – The mock crime scene reconstruction will be exercised to enable the students to identify and examine the use of evidence to conclude the crime which occurred at a sight. It will also define you to the crime scene staging and how to scrutinize the alteration values of a crime scene which may reduce its evidentiary value.
Module-2 Physical evidence collection and preservation
In the steps of the investigation of crime scene, modern methods of the investigation of the crime scene and the searching methods of the physical evidences with definition, types and their significances. The topic will include collection, preservation, packaging and forwarding of different types of evidence to the laboratories and their outcomes. This course is designed to instruct you to the multiple case studies.
Module-3 Role of crime scene investigator
Crime scene investigators have multiple responsibilities and this module would be familiarizing you to the role of crime scene investigator by the practices on multiple mock crime scenes. This will introduce you to the task of the crime scene investigators at a scene of crime such as- securing, measuring, sketching, taking photographs, documenting and marking of evidence, packaging of evidence, detailed report writing at a crime scene etc. and then transferring the packed evidence to their related laboratories for further testing and in order to increase their legally acceptable values.
DURATION OF TRAINING:
The duration scheduled for the training is one month during the summer vacations.
ADVANTAGES OF TRAINING
>> The training session specially focusses to bring together online and distance students to enhance their knowledge.
>> Training will provide you the practical knowledge and opportunities to investigate the legal cases.
>> The training session of the course FSP 104 Crime Scene Investigation course familiarize you to brief knowledge of course in classroom assembly.
>> Online and distance students attend to plenary training session and case studies, and learn more about the Crime Scene Investigation and the related techniques.
>> Upon completing this training session, you should be able to develop your potential in the investigation manner.
>> The training session will help you to develop your analytical thinking capabilities through the help of the mock crime scene investigations.
FEE FOR TRAINING
The training would be payable for online and distance learning students. But they already being enrolled as students, therefore they can avail an add-on advantage of earning 15% scholarship on their respective course fee
After the successful completion of one month training, a valedictory function is organised on the last day where students are distributed the certificate and a farewell treat is arranged for the students from the Organization.
Outline towards Crime Scene Investigation career paths
Now a days Forensic Science stands in very broad manner with multiple sub-fields. Crime Scene Investigation is one of the major and primary sub-disciplines of Forensic Science, which offers a myriad career opportunities to the keen aspirants. After a thorough theoretical and practical sessions provided under this course, the student would be able to gain the capability to apprehend any scene of crime irrespective of its nature, location and certain other related factors. After completing this course, a student has innumerable options for grooming one’s career, some of them are listed below:
>> Student can be appointed as Crime Scene Investigator in the Forensic Science Laboratory of Central and various State Laboratories.
>> Student can practice as an independent Investigator working for corporate sectors and private bodies.
>> Student can be appointed as a faculty/ trainer of Crime Scene Investigation in the various institutes.
Educational Qualification to set a career in Crime Scene Investigation
First level course of the Crime Scene Investigation is a Certification Programme. The advantage of this course is, any students can set their career in Crime Scene Investigation no matter they belong from any discipline like Science, Commerce or Arts. Crime Scene Investigation courses are also available for the Science background graduate level students who are interested to start their career from master level programme in the respective investigating science. For those students, who are opting for their Doctorate degree can choose one of the branches/ traits of Crime Scene Investigation for their further research and study.
Law students and professional both can do Certification, Diploma Course and P.G. Diploma course offered in Forensic Science.
Sectors in Crime Scene Investigation
Job prospects for Crime Scene Investigation are in Private Sectors, Government Sectors, Law enforcement agencies, Forensic labs; Government and Private Laboratories. Various jobs are offered in the field of Forensic Science for those students who hold ample qualification in the related fields.
Alternate job besides Criminal Investigation is teaching with abundant opportunity to upheld one’s career by imparting education.
1. What is Crime Scene Investigation?
In the course Crime Scene Investigation, the students will be acquainted with the procedure of handling and managing a crime scene. The students will be taught and made familiar with the basics to be followed at a crime scene from searching of the scene to the proper packaging of the encountered evidences. A practical hand on a mock crime scene would shape the students and enhance their abilities as a crime scene investigator.
2. What is the course content of FSP 104?
The course Crime Scene Investigation (FSP104) includes all the details regarding the introduction of the crime scene, its types and the way to manage each crime scene individually depending upon its area, location and situation. Course will introduce you to interactive training session and practicals on the scientific and technical methods involved in a sequential management of crime scene to proper collection of evidences.
For more details click on- http://www.sifs.in/prospectus/FSP-104-crime-scene-investigation.pdf
3. What is the course duration of Certificate, Diploma and PG Diploma courses?
All online and distance courses are divided into three certifications i.e. Certificate course for three months, Diploma course for six months and PG Diploma for one year.
4. What qualification is required to be eligible for the above-mentioned courses?
If you are looking for Certificate and Diploma courses, you must have completed your 10+2 or appearing in any discipline from Recognized Board/ School and for PG Diploma course graduation will be required. In the admission process, self-attested mark-sheets and certificates of the previous school/college and transfer certificate along with 2 passport size photographs will be required from the student.
5. Where can I register for distance or online education courses?
We provide online application form for all online or distance students. To download application, form click on- http://www.sifs.in/application-form.pdf
6. When will I receive my study materials, books etc.?
After the completion of your admission process and payment of fee, the students enrolled for online courses will receive a username and password to access e-library within 7-10 working days through mail on their mail id which is mentioned on the application form; whereas distance education students will receive hardcopy of related course materials on the mentioned address by courier or post within 15 working days.
7. What about exams and course credits?
In the last month of your course, we will conduct your online exam. All details regarding your exam will sent to you on the mail id provided by you and the course credits differs according to course code and divided into assignment, project and exam.
For more detail please click on- www.sifs.in/ims
8. How do I get my certificate/mark-sheet, when I have completed my exams?
You will receive your mark-sheet and certificate within a month on your mentioned address by courier or post.
9. What is the difference between online and distance education? Which is the best mode of education?
Both modes of education are good. The only difference between online and distance education is distance education students will get hardcopy material related to their course code, and so the distance learning students will pay Rs. 1000 more as compared to online education students. An extra amount is charged for distance learning students, as the postal charges are included in the course fee.
10. Where do I find out what courses are being offered distance or online?
We provide all informations on the website- www.sifs.in
11. Although my degree is in an unrelated field of study, I have taken quite a few science courses. Am I eligible to apply?
Yes. You are eligible for this Crime Scene Investigation (FSP104), if you have completed or if you are pursuing your 10+2 or graduation in any discipline from a Recognized Board/ School/ College.
12. What is the scope and career of forensic education and related courses?
Forensic Science offers a wide range of opportunity to the students aspiring to make their careers as Forensic Scientists and Investigators. With a sense of keen observation and the ability of seeing the unseen are a few traits that would promise the aspiring students to make a colorful career in the wonderful arena of Forensic.
13. Should I pay any extra fee for examination, study materials etc.?
No. Your course fee includes Study materials, Books, Notes, I-Card, Examination Fee. You are not required to pay any extra amount, but in some cases- additional taxes / fees may apply. If you are living out of India and interested in printed notes and books, then you have to pay shipping/postal charges extra. Summer training and practical sessions will be payable for online and distance students with 15% scholarship.
14. What will I get after joining distance course?
You will get User-id and password to access e-library within 7-10 working days. Study materials, notes and books related to your course and id-card will be sent on the address mentioned by you, either by courier or post within 15 working days.
15. How can I pay my course fee by credit card in USD?
Indian Students may use Universal Currency Converter from http://www.xe.com/ucc/ to pay fee in other currencies, or International students visit this link- http://www.sifs.in/onlinefee.php to check out the fee structure. You can pay your course fee from here- http://www.sifs.org.in/payment (Students enrolled for courses having course duration more than 6 months can pay their Course Fee in maximum two instalments, but Rs. 2000 will be charged extra.)
16. Why is training important?
Training is a vital part of online and distance students. It is intended to provide students with the opportunity to place theories into practicals. It is also very helpful to develop their skills that support professional life by preparing and encouraging them to apply their abilities and knowledge acquired through study in a work later on. So, even before the students completed their course they are trained to be job-ready, therefore increasing the student’s employment prospects.
17. What is the best route to prepare for a career as a forensic scientist?
SIFS INIDA provides professional course Crime Scene Investigation (FSP104) to acquire knowledge from the basics. The course interest attribute to up showing television shows focused on law enforcement and forensics. Subject offers the opportunity to grow your career in many sub disciples.
18. I am interested in a career in this field. Where do I start?
In order to initiate a career into this field, you should have a zeal and urge to unveil the veiled. A certificate, diploma and PG diploma course would help you groom your knowledge theoretically as well as practically, thereby ensuring a safe and secure career.
19. Where will I work?
You may avail opportunities as a Crime Scene Investigator in the Forensic Science Laboratories of Central as well as various State Government Labs. You can also practice as an independent investigator rendering his services to the corporate sectors and private bodies
20. What are the other specialized forensic science careers outside the crime laboratory?
Other than working in the Crime Laboratory, you can also be appointed as a Crime Scene Investigator in Police Stations or you can also be appointed as an Investigator for the Mobile Forensic Laboratory.
The Atlanta Child Murders
In a two year period between 1979 and 1981, 29 people — almost all children — were strangled by a serial killer. Police staked out a local river where other bodies had been dumped and arrested Wayne Williams as he was driving away from the sound of a splash in an area where a body was recovered a couple of days later. Police didn’t witness him drop the body, so their case was based largely on forensic evidence gathered from fibers found on the victims. In all, there were nearly 30 types of fiber linked to items from Williams’ house, his vehicles and even his dog. In 1982, he was convicted of killing two adult victims and sentenced to life in prison, although the Atlanta police announced that Williams was responsible for at least 22 of the child murders
Early in the morning of February 17, 1970, the family of Army doctor Jeffrey MacDonald was attacked, leaving the doctor’s pregnant wife and two young daughters dead from multiple stab wounds. MacDonald himself was injured by what he claimed to be four suspects, but he survived with only minor wounds. Doubt was immediately cast on the doctor’s story, based on the physical evidence on the scene that suggested that he was the killer. However, the Army dropped the case because of the poor quality of the investigative techniques. Several years later, though, MacDonald was brought to trial in a civilian court. Key evidence was provided by a forensic scientist who testified that the doctor’s pajama top, which he claimed to have used to ward off the killers, had 48 smooth, clean holes — too smooth for such a volatile attack. Furthermore, the scientist noted that if the top was folded, the 48 holes could easily have been created by 21 thrusts — the exact number of times that MacDonald’s wife had been stabbed. The holes even matched the pattern of her wounds, suggesting that the pajama top had been laid on her before during the stabbing and not used in self-defense by the doctor. This crime scene reconstruction was crucial in MacDonald’s conviction in 1979. He was sentenced to life in prison for the three murders.
All these courses are Online / Distance mode. Each student can access their course module by login our online study portal i.e.
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1. Eligibility for the Admission
2. Admission Procedure
3. Examination Pattern
4. Grading System in Examination
5. Course Fee and Concession
6. Types of Certificates
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