Crime Scene Photography, also termed as Forensic Photography is a subject of great help in aiding the criminal investigation processes. The main objective of photographing the crime scene is to maintain the reliability of the evidences encountered at a crime scene. Crime scene, being temporary and fragile in nature, needs to be secured and the evidences, along with their actual positions needs to be safeguarded to maintain their authenticity in the court-room. Therefore, photographing, videographying, note-making and proper documentation are a must requirements while processing a scene of crime.
The foremost duty of an Investigator is to ensure the safety of the crime scene, in a manner so that no clue, even the slightest of all, goes unnoticed by the eyes of an Investigator. As in the science of Forensic, evidences play a vital role in the trial process. Therefore, the investigator should produce every evidence physically along with their photographs, in order to elucidate the court regarding their condition and position at the respective scene of crime.
The photographing technique will be taught to the students which is of great use while photographing the scene of crime. The photographing of a crime scene takes place in three manners:
>> Over-view photography is done to capture the overview image of the scene of crime covering all the details along with the evidences through various angles.
>> Mid-range photography, ensures covering the details with a quite closer approach.
>> Close-up photography is performed individually on each evidence, in order to cover even the minutest detail of a specific evidence. The injuries present on a body, a hair strand, bloodstains on walls and floor etc. are a few examples of the evidences pictured with a close-up approach.
Other than making students aware of the various photographing techniques, students will also be taught about the different manners of photographing depending upon the situation, as the technique of photographing in daylight and night-time, photographing prints as fingerprint, shoe-print, palm-print, foot-marks and so.
The completion of this course with a detailed theoretical and practical sessions will ensure the students with a myriad options to enhance their careers in one of the most audacious and challenging fields of forensic. Through their boundless skills and techniques, they could have a promising career ahead.
Module-1 Crime scene investigations
In depth, course code FSP 304 comprises about definition of crime, types of crime scene, securing and recording of crime scene, searching of physical evidences, crime scene survey & recording, Locard’s exchange principle, documentation and presentation in the court, processing and reconstruction of the crime scene.
Module-2 Physical evidence
In the second module, physical evidence of the course Crime Scene & Forensic Photography will comprising the definition and types of physical evidence, importance of physical evidence in court of law. Its nature- fragile or transient evidence and solid or tangible evidence, physical evidence searching methods, evidence supervision- chain of custody blood, splattering analysis, collection, preservation, packing and forwarding of different types of evidence to the laboratories, role and importance of photography.
Module-3 Investigation techniques
The furthermost significant part of the investigation is “Investigation techniques” in the criminal justice system. In this online and distance course module you will be learn preliminary methods of investigation, methods and procedures used in crime scene.
After completing course-304, you would be able to investigate and identify such techniques- by analyzing criminals & criminal behavior, modus operandi, criminal profiling, portrait parley, polygraph, narco-analysis, brain fingerprinting, voice stress analysis and speaker profiling.
Module-4 Glass evidence
Glass evidence can be used for manifold tracing evidence like blood, fingerprints, and broken glasses. It is very valuable evidence at a scene of crime to conclude the nature of crime.
The fragment of glass regularly encountered at the scene of crime. The composition and features of every glass is different like window glass, bottle, crystal, lead etc. and can help to reach to opinion in some specific hit and run and other cases.
Module would be introduced you to glass as an evidence- its definition and classification, forensic examination of glass fractures under different conditions, variability of glass and primary glass types, determination of direction of impact - cone-fracture, rib marks, hackle marks, backward fragmentation, types of fracture - impact fractures, heat fractures, fractures caused by projectiles, glass cutters - the mechanical fit, glass particle comparisons, refractive index and dispersion, density determinations using plummet and balance, density determinations using a density meter, product considerations, elemental analysis of glass, and other related examinations such as color and fluorescence, physical matching and measurements, density comparison, refractive index by refractometer.
Module-5 Soil evidence
The science of soil is introduces with the evidence to answer the legal criminal cases. According to the Locard’s exchange principle, soil deals with very important role in trace evidence. Often, the soil can a link between the suspect and the crime scene as well as rule out a suspect.
The structure of the module will explain you to the formation and types of soil, composition and color of soil, particle size distribution & turbidity test, analytical examination of soil, density distribution of particles, mineral analysis, chemical analysis, density gradient analysis & ignition loss, differential thermal analysis & elemental analysis, interpretation of soil evidence
Module-6 Paint evidence
In the forensic investigation cases, paint is a very common encountered evidence in various cases like burglary, hit-and run cases etc. The module is describing the fundamentals of paint, in the manner that types of paint and their composition, paint chemistry, terminology and Components, resinous vehicles, automotive finishes, macroscopic and microscopic studies, pigment distribution, micro-chemical and instrumental analysis – solubility test, pyrolysis chromatographic techniques, TLC, colorimetry, IR spectroscopy, X-Ray diffraction, elemental analysis and interpretation of paint evidence.
Module-7 Tool marks and impressions
This is also very frequently encountered evidence in burglary cases. The tool marks trace evidence contain patterns left on the objects at crime scene. Such as the tool marks are behaving like a link to complete the chain of custody in criminal cases. It is also possible to detect the authentication of the tool with the help of its trace marks.
Module is structured as a defined manner like preservation and packaging of tools, types of tool marks: compression marks, striated marks, combination of compression and striated marks, repeated marks, class characteristics and individual characteristics, tracing and lifting of marks, photographic examination of tool marks and the cut marks on clothes and walls etc., restoration of erased/obliterated marks, method of marking - cast, punch, engrave, methods of obliteration, method of restoration-etching (etchings for different metals), magnetic, electrolytic etc., recording of restored marks – restoration of marks on wood, leather, polymer etc.
The evidentiary value of fiber is very important in some cases like burglary and hit and run cases. It may be found on glass, tire, clothes, nails, shoes etc. In the other aspects sex offences and harassment cases, it play a dynamic role to identify and distinguish between the two different individual’s clothes fiber as well as vehicle seat fiber.
It will demonstrate you to the types of fibers & importance of fiber as an evidence, fiber examination – fluorescent, optical properties, refractive index, birefringence, dye analysis and identification and comparison of man-made and nature fiber.
Module-9 Forensic photography
Photography plays a very significant part in Forensics. Every crime scene is unique and fragile in nature, therefore it needs to be preserved for further legal proceedings. In this module, you will be guided on to how photography is of great importance in Forensics. You will practically be shown as how to photograph a crime scene, how to cover each and every minute detail, how to picture the evidences without altering their position, and the techniques involved in photographing a scene of crime.
Module-10 Evidence photography and documentation
Before the crime scene investigators begin inspecting the crime scene, they should gather as much evidence and information as possible about the scene of crime. Videography and photography are essential for documentation and it is the initial stage to documenting a crime scene. Under this module, students would be taught about the crime scene documentation– complementary nature of the interrelationship between photographs, diagrams, models, video, etc., document and fingerprint photography and enlargement, special considerations for digital photography, photographic documentation of wounds and injuries, photographic documentation of bloodstains on walls, floors and clothing, photographic documentation of impression evidence (friction ridge, footwear and tire marks), photographic documentation of traffic accident scenes, photographic documentation of crime scenes involving arson and explosions, photographing and documenting a violent crime scene, legal foundations for photographic evidence, photographing and documenting an traffic accident scene and moot court scenario to introduce photos and establish the student credibility in court.
The evaluation process varies depending upon the course you enroll for, likewise: if you are enrolled for Certification, you will be allotted an assignment during the mid-session of the course, which you are deemed to complete within the month. Similar process is followed in Diploma. But in PG Diploma, after the completion of the assignment during the mid-sessions; a Project-work is assigned during the last quarter, which you have to complete in a month’s time.
The mode of examination will be online for the students enrolled either in online courses or in distance course. After the completion of the respective course duration, a username and password would be generated for all the enlisted students. The username and the password would be mailed to every student prior to the date allotted for the examination to be held, and accordingly they would be requested by the concerned authorities to check their mails, so that they could use the specified details in order to give their exams on our online examination portal on the allocated date and time.
Note: Every student will be given a username and password a month before the conducting of the exams for the demo-exams, so that they get to know every detail concerned with the online examination pattern.
The complete correction and evaluation takes about two weeks. After the evaluation process is finally done, the mark sheets and certificates are posted on to the postal address of every student, but only after verifying their postal addresses as mentioned on the submitted application forms. Therefore, the students are always requested to mention their correct and complete address on their application form, in order to avoid further confusion and disappointment.
Training is a decisive part to get a practical and professional knowledge. SIFS India provides an affluence training of Forensic Science. Training schedule is arranged to provide a sympathetic knowledge of crime scene investigation, forensic photography, case studies and so on.
This collaborative training session is designed for online and distance students. The training would describe the students with practicals of crime scene analysis, forensic photography and its role and importance, work on real cases and the digital techniques required to be an investigation and examination of the evidence and manifold case studies. Summer training session module is divided into eight modules such as-
Module-1: Crime Scene Investigation
The training session related to Crime Scene Investigation would make the students understand the processing of different crime scene in a different patterns. The students would be guided on a practical activity, as how to manage the precise crime scene, search the evidences, pack the evidences on the basis of their nature and secure the crime scene.
Module-2: Mock crime scene investigation and reconstruction (Indoor and outdoor crime scene)
The mock crime scene reconstruction will be exercise you to identification and examination of use of evidence to conclude the crime which occurred at a sight. It will also define you to the introduction to crime scene staging and how to scrutinize the alteration values of a crime scene to reduce its evidentiary value.
The summer training as announced the exercises and experiences with the full fledge training in the forensic lab. In this training module crime scene investigation and management, the first part of module will introduce you to the definition and types of crime, role of crime scene investigator, importance of Locard’s exchange principle and types of crime scene.
The another section of this module will be mentioning the types of evidence; fragile or transient evidence and solid or tangible evidence and the physical evidence searching methods like-
1. Spiral search
2. Grid search
3. Strip search
4. Zone search etc.
Module-3 Physical evidence collection and preservation
In the steps of the investigation of crime scene, modern methods of the investigation of the crime scene and the searching methods of the physical evidences with definition, types and their significances. The topic will include collection, preservation, packaging and forwarding of different types of evidence to the laboratories and their outcomes. This course is designed to instruct you to the multiple case studies.
Module-4: Fingerprint identification
In a theoretical aspects, the training session will delineate you to the general fingerprint introduction, history of fingerprint, classification and divisions of fingerprint, development of fingerprint etc.
In other facets, the training module deliberate wholly the practical parts to development, examination of fingerprints and report writing.
You would be practice on different types of fingerprints and their methods of development.
Physical methods- Roll and flat method, powder techniques; black powder, fluorescent powders, magnetic powder, cyanoacrylate method etc.
Chemical methods- Iodine fuming (Nonpermanent visualization), Ninhydrin (Reacts with proteins), AgNO3 (Reacts with salt) etc.
Advanced techniques- Live scanner technique.
Levels to examine and identification of fingerprint - fingerprints have three phases of study
1. Pattern identification
2. Minutiae examination
Module-5: Other identification marks
Module-5 will introduce you to the introduction to the other identification marks, role and importance of other impressions, nature and problems of unique identification marks, types of tool and techniques photography of impressions evidence, recording etc.
It will familiarize the students to- lip print, footprint and skid marks would also be a part of this training module in an accompanying manner.
Module-6: Questioned Document Examination
In this module, you will familiarize with the detection of forgery. in a practical aspects, you will complete this module with the detection of forgery (tracing-carbon paper, butter paper, window tracing, glass tracing etc.), comparison between questioned and specimen document, Examination of the photocopied document, verification of signature and handwriting, examination of counterfeit currency, practice on real cases and the process of questioned document inspection
Module-7: Other Evidence videography and Photography
Evidence videography and photography would be comprise the methods of taking photography of evidence such as latent, patent and plastic fingerprints photography, charred document photography, bloodstain photography, fundamentals of camera and lighting, snapping the fire scene, fluorescence photography, footwear and tire track impression photography, digital photography, the admissibility of digital photographs in court, the admissibility of digital photographs in criminal cases, digital photography and videography as legal evidence etc.
Module-8: Role of crime scene investigator and forensic photographer
Crime scene investigators and forensic photographer have multiple responsibilities and this module would be familiarizing you to the role of crime scene investigator by the practices on multi mock crime scenes. It will introduce you to the task of the crime scene investigators at a scene of crime such as- securing, measuring, sketching, taking photographs and videography, documenting and marking of evidence, packaging of evidence, detailed report writing at a crime scene etc. and then transferring the packed evidence to their related laboratories for further testing and in order to increase their legally acceptable values.
DURATION OF TRAINING
The duration scheduled for the training is one month during the summer vacations.
ADVANTAGES OF TRAINING
>> The training session specially focusses to bring together online and distance students to enhance their knowledge.
>> Training will provide you the practical knowledge and opportunities to investigate the legal cases.
>> The training session of the course FSP 304 Crime Scene Investigation and Photography course familiarize you to brief knowledge of course in classroom assembly.
>> Online and distance students attend to plenary training session and case studies, and learn more about Crime Scene Investigation and Photography.
FEE FOR TRAINING
The training would be payable for online and distance learning students. But they already being enrolled as students, therefore they can avail an add-on advantage of earning 15% scholarship on their respective course fee.
After the successful completion of one month training, a valedictory function is organized on the last day where students are distributed the certificate and a farewell treat is arranged for the students from the Organization.
Outline towards Crime Scene & Forensic Photography career paths
Now a days Forensic Science stands in very broad manner with multiple sub-fields. In facets of crimes and its scenario, Forensic Expert are of great importance and play a vital role in solving crimes. Among all the sub-fields of Forensic Science, Forensic Photography/Crime Scene Photography is the most significant fields of Forensic Science.
In the investigation of crime, the fundamental principle is the photography along with a sequential documentation of the scene of crime. Photographing involves the technique of photographing every complete as well as minute information and clue present at the crime scene.
Educational Qualification to set a career in Crime Scene & Forensic Photography
First level course of the Forensic Science is a Certification Programme. The advantage of this course is, any students can set their career in Forensic Photography no matter they belong from any discipline like Science, Commerce or Arts. Forensic courses are also available for the Arts and Science background graduate level students who are interested to start their career from master level programme in the respective investigating science. For those students, who are opting for their Doctorate degree can choose one of the traits of Forensic Photography.
The enrollment in this course and a comprehensive study sessions would ensure the students a promising career in the Photography section of Forensic Science.
Law students and professionals both can do Certification, Diploma Course and P.G. Diploma course offered in Forensic Science.
Sectors in Crime Scene & Forensic Photography
Job prospects for Forensic Photographers are in Government Sectors, Law enforcement agencies, Forensic labs; Government and Private Laboratories. Various jobs are offered in the field of Forensic Photography for those students who hold ample qualification in the related fields. One can also be appointed as a Crime Scene Photographer in Mobile Forensic Laboratories.
Alternate job besides Criminal Investigation is teaching with abundant opportunity to upheld one’s career by imparting education.
1. What is Crime Scene & Forensic Photography?
Crime Scene & Forensic Photography deals with the photographing of a crime scene, in order to present the evidences along with their actual positions at the crime scene. Photography is an important section of Forensic Science.
2. What is the course content of FSP 304?
The course Crime Scene & Forensic Photography (FSP 304) includes all about introduction and utility of photography in criminal investigations. The students would be familiarized with all the fundamentals and techniques involved in the science of photography.
For more details click on- http://www.sifs.in/prospectus/FSP-304-crime-scene-forensic-photography.pdf
3. What is the course duration of Certificate, Diploma and PG Diploma courses?
All online and distance courses are divided into three certifications i.e. Certificate course for three months, Diploma course for six months and PG Diploma for one year.
4. What qualification is required to be eligible for the above-mentioned courses?
If you are looking for Certificate and Diploma courses, you must have completed your 10+2 or appearing in any discipline from Recognized Board/ School and for PG Diploma course graduation will be required. In the admission process, self-attested mark-sheets and certificates of the previous school/college and transfer certificate along with 2 passport size photographs will be required from the student.
5. Where can I register for distance or online education courses?
We provide online application form for all online or distance students. To download application, form click on- http://www.sifs.in/application-form.pdf
6. When will I receive my study materials, books etc.?
After the completion of your admission process and payment of fee, the students enrolled for online courses will receive a username and password to access e-library within 7-10 working days through mail on their mail id which is mentioned on the application form; whereas distance education students will receive hardcopy of related course materials on the mentioned address by courier or post within 15 working days.
7. What about exams and course credits?
In the last month of your course, we will conduct your online exam. All details regarding your exam will sent to you on the mail id provided by you and the course credits differs according to course code and divided into assignment, project and exam.
For more detail please click on- www.sifs.in/ims
8. How do I get my certificate/mark-sheet, when I have completed my exams?
You will receive your mark-sheet and certificate within a month on your mentioned address by courier or post.
9. What is the difference between online and distance education? Which is the best mode of education?
Both modes of education are good. The only difference between online and distance education is distance education students will get hardcopy material related to their course code, and so the distance learning students will pay Rs. 1000 more as compared to online education students. An extra amount is charged for distance learning students, as the postal charges are included in the course fee.
10. Where do I find out what courses are being offered distance or online?
We provide all information on the website- www.sifs.in
11. Although my degree is in an unrelated field of study, I have taken quite a few science courses. Am I eligible to apply?
Yes. You are eligible for this Crime Scene & Forensic Photography (FSP 304), if you have completed or if you are pursuing your 10+2 or graduation in any discipline from a Recognized Board/ School/ College.
12. What is the scope and career of forensic education and related courses?
Forensic Science offers a wide range of opportunity to the students aspiring to make their careers as Forensic Scientists and Investigators. With a sense of keen observation and the ability of seeing the unseen are a few traits that would promise the aspiring students to make a colorful career in the wonderful arena of Forensic.
13. Should I pay any extra fee for examination, study materials etc.?
No. Your course fee includes Study materials, Books, Notes, I-Card, Examination Fee. You are not required to pay any extra amount, but in some cases- additional taxes / fees may apply. If you are living out of India and interested in printed notes and books, then you have to pay shipping/postal charges extra. Summer training and practical sessions will be payable for online and distance students with 15% scholarship.
14. What will I get after joining distance course?
You will get User-id and password to access e-library within 7-10 working days. Study materials, notes and books related to your course and id-card will be sent on the address mentioned by you, either by courier or post within 15 working days.
15. How can I pay my course fee by credit card in USD?
Indian Students may use Universal Currency Converter from http://www.xe.com/ucc/ to pay fee in other currencies, or International students visit this link- http://www.sifs.in/onlinefee.php to check out the fee structure. You can pay your course fee from here- http://www.sifs.org.in/payment (Students enrolled for courses having course duration more than 6 months can pay their Course Fee in maximum two instalments, but Rs. 2000 will be charged extra.)
16. Why is training important?
Training is a vital part of online and distance students. It is intended to provide students with the opportunity to place theories into practicals. It is also very helpful to develop their skills that support professional life by preparing and encouraging them to apply their abilities and knowledge acquired through study in a work later on. So, even before the students completed their course they are trained to be job-ready, therefore increasing the student’s employment prospects.
17. What is the best route to prepare for a career as a forensic scientist?
SIFS INDIA provides professional course Crime Scene & Forensic Photography (FSP 304) to acquire knowledge from the basics. The course interest attribute to up showing television shows focused on law enforcement and forensics. Subject offers the opportunity to grow your career in many sub disciples.
18. I am interested in a career in this field. Where do I start?
In order to initiate a career into this field, you should have a zeal and urge to unveil the veiled, and locate the minutest information with complete reliability. A certificate, diploma and PG diploma course would help you groom your knowledge theoretically as well as practically, thereby ensuring a safe and secure career.
19. Where will I work?
You may avail opportunities as a Forensic Photographer in Central as well as various State Government Labs. You can also practice as a self-employed photographer working for police and other law enforcement agencies.
20. What are the other specialized forensic science careers outside the crime laboratory?
Other than working in the Crime Laboratory, you can be appointed as a Crime Scene Photographers in Police Stations and Mobile Forensic Laboratory.
R V Suzanne Holdsworth
Suzanne was jailed for life in 2005 for the murder of 2yr old Kyle Fisher. It was held that she had repeatedly banged his head against a banister rail. This sentence was quashed on appeal and a retrial ordered.
The investigators were instructed by Stephenson’s solicitors to re-examine the photographed injury marks and the comparisons made with the banisters by the prosecution scientist. They also examined the furniture, fixtures and fittings that were present to see if they could equally have been responsible for the baby’s injuries.
They also concluded that other items of furniture could also have produced the shape of the injuries to Kyle. Medical evidence further indicated that Kyle could have had an epileptic seizure causing him to thrash about. The presented evidence, along with the new medical evidence resulted in the acquittal of Suzanne Holdsworth.
All these courses are Online / Distance mode. Each student can access their course module by login our online study portal i.e.
Apart from above course details, there are some additional details of this course. More details can be get by clicking here such as-
1. Eligibility for the Admission
2. Admission Procedure
3. Examination Pattern
4. Grading System in Examination
5. Course Fee and Concession
6. Types of Certificates
7. Study Materials
For further Course details Click Here-->>
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