Document, can be defined as any material either movable or immovable, that holds a written, printed or drawn inscription. On the contrary, a questioned document is elucidated as any text or document whose authenticity or legitimacy has been questioned, or is considered to be skeptical. In this course listed as Questioned Document Examination, the students will be taught an introduction about the documents, the categories they are categorized into. In addition, the students will be enlightened about the veracity of the document examination, its application in case solving. The cases broadly considered into the Questioned Document section are: the signature verification, the handwriting verification and examination, the examination of inauthentic computer-generated documents, the examination of printed documents, counterfeit currency.
In simple manner, the entire science of Questioned Document Examination rests on the day by day increasing forgery and foulplay related to documents. The examination generally relates to the documents as agreement, deed, property papers, wills, cheques, and stamps. The document examiner also checks for the presence of any other criminal activity as addition, deletion, insertion or obliteration in the concerned document. The primary concern of a Forensic Document Examiner is to decipher the type of forgery, and thenafter scientifically prepare a report considering the various aspects which are to be taken into account while conducting the examination.
The students will be taught the fundamentals of the handwriting science, the science of handwriting is a nuero-muscular task which involves a proper co-ordination of brain with the muscles. It is due to this fact that-one can copy one’s writing, but this cannot be done with cent-percent accuracy, efficiency and perfection. Even in case of monozygotic/ identical twins, who share similar appearances and genetic structures do not bear the same handwriting. Therefore, this science is competently as reliable as the science of fingerprint.
The parameters that are looked upon during the Questioned Document Examination are generally classified into two:
Class characteristics, as the name itself clarifies, are the characteristics that may remain common to a class of people. The class characteristics include features as: slant, slope, alignment, direction, line quality, size and proportion, spacing, skill of writing, style and connection, pen pressure, pen lifts, pen movement and speed. After a detailed and full-proof examination of class characteristics, an approach towards the individual characteristics should be made.
Individual characteristics, refer to the characteristics which are unique to every individual. Every individual possesses his own writing style, his own way of forming letters in a peculiar manner. Therefore, these characteristics are said to be individual in nature as they bear a tinge of individuality in themselves. The points that are considered in these characteristics are: the i-dot, the t-crossbar and similarly the formation of other alphabets.
After a comprehensive study of the theoretical and the practical aspects of this course, students would feel well-equipped with the ability of deciphering the odd from the genuine.
Module-1 Forensic document examination
On several cases, a document is existing that is evidently of a certain means, required to prove the authentic meaning by questioned document examiner. Forensic questioned document analysis will very often involve the study of document, questioned document analysis U/S 463 of IPC, standard exemplars, scientific examination of documents, nature and problem related to documents, the importance of photographic evidence, handling and preservation of questioned and standard exemplars.
Module-2 The examination of computer generated documents
Computer generated text on document by printing methods such as dot-matrix, inkjet, laser etc. are often somewhat required to be proven with the authentication of printing values in legal aspects. It will introduce the methods of pre-examination evaluation, examination procedures, examination of original and photocopied document, and identification of printed document.
Printing machines have multiple identification marks of the printing procedures such as drum, high speed mainframe line, drum and chain printers, typewriter technology printers like type ball and daisy wheel.
Dot matrix printers, have multiple pins to strike the paper through ribbon for transferring the printing ink. In the dot matrix printing process, if pins are damaged or not adequate in nature they leave multiple marks on the document. These marks play a vital role in identifying the particular printing machine.
Due to the frequently produced print in inkjet printing technology, somewhat the unkempt marks become easy to view. However, the inkjet printed documents are easy to differentiate on the basis of their printing. The module will also introduce you to the monochrome and color laser/ led printers, photocopiers, analysis of photocopies, identifying individual photocopiers, facsimile machines, manipulated faxes and fax machine defects.
Module-3 Guidelines for the examination of handwriting and approaches
Questioned document examiner must follow the various scientific guidelines for the examination of handwriting and other questioned documents, which have been defined in the multiple steps to examine the authentic values in the manner that purpose, requirements, procedures, evaluation of the questioned writing, evaluation of the known writing, conducting a side by side comparison of questioned and known writing, techniques and principles used in document examination, instruments used in document examination and indented writing Impressions (for original Documents) can be clearly observed and concluded in a report.
TLC “Thin Layer Chromatography”, is often too conceivable to differentiate the inks used in writing. It is very helpful in the examination and verification of the ink whether the same ink is used in the writing or some alteration and addition made with the others. The module will introduced you to the introduction to ink analysis, identification of ink, ink analysis basics, main components of ink, layout analysis, ink analysis (alterations) and the importance of original documents in ink examination.
Paper examination contains the nature of paper- size, color, thickness, finishing and density of papers, watermarks, analysis of weave, paper fiber analysis and various characteristics of the paper plays an important role in the examination.
Module-4 Handwriting examination and comparison
Examination and comparison of the handwriting is based on some abbreviations by its nature, alignment, arrangement, connections, initial stroke, pen lifts, pen pressure, punctuation, rhythm, shading, size, slope, terminal stroke, tremor and the individual features. It is thoroughly examined during the examination of the writing variations. The typical problems involved in handwriting identification and disguised handwriting are also kept in account while conducting an examination.
Module-5 Identification of signatures
The students will learn all aspects of signatures, which will enhance their skills in examination and report writing. Introduction to signature identification, genuine signatures, accidental variations- receipt signatures, signatures influenced by alcohol and drugs and illness and old age, forged and distorted / disguised signatures- traced forgeries, simulated forgeries, spurious signatures and spouse’s limitations, identification of the initials and illiterate’s marks, evaluating non original signatures, and forgery by transplanting a genuine signature are the key-points summed up in this module.
Module-6 Alterations, erasures, and obliterations
Alterations, erasures and obliterations often are certain very important factors in examining documents with the help of light sources, ultra violet light, chemical solvents etc. The module defines the evaluation of editing present in documents, nature of alteration, nature of erasures, types of erasures, nature of obliteration, overwriting and insertions.
Module-7 Security features in different type of documents
Due to some reasons like identity theft, frauds, money laundrying, monetary gaining etc., there are much authentic documents fraudulently altered and forged. This module includes all vital aspects of security features in various documents, such as - PAN card, TAN card, voter ID card, driving license, UID aadhar card, passport, stamp and e-stamp paper, bankers cheque, QR code and Bar code and identification features of Indian and other currency
Module-8 Anti money laundering documents verification
It will introduce the students to anti money laundering documents such as- bank statements, Form-16, income Tax Return, voter ID card, salary slip, driving license, pan card, ration card, passport, telephone bill, electricity bill etc.
Module-9 Visual illustration and case study of documents
Students can cover their visual illustration and case studies in training session. Search link- http://www.sifs.in/online-course-questioned-document-examination.php
In a practical aspect, the module would introduce you to the disguised forgery, traced forgery, forgery by memory, forgery by impersonation, forgery over a genuine signature, forgery by transplanting a genuine signature, forgery of rubber seals or stamps and real case studies.
The evaluation process varies depending upon the course you enroll for, likewise: if you are enrolled for Certification, you will be allotted an assignment during the mid-session of the course, which you are deemed to complete within the month. Similar process is followed in Diploma. But in PG Diploma, after the completion of the assignment during the mid-sessions; a Project-work is assigned during the last quarter, which you have to complete in a month’s time.
The mode of examination will be online for the students enrolled either in online courses or in distance course. After the completion of the respective course duration, a username and password would be generated for all the enlisted students. The username and the password would be mailed to every student prior to the date allotted for the examination to be held, and accordingly they would be requested by the concerned authorities to check their mails, so that they could use the specified details in order to give their exams on our online examination portal on the allocated date and time.
Note: Every student will be given a username and password a month before the conducting of the exams for the demo-exams, so that they get to know every detail concerned with the online examination pattern.
The complete correction and evaluation takes about two weeks. After the evaluation process is finally done, the marksheets and certificates are posted on to the postal address of every student, but only after verifying their postal addresses as mentioned on the submitted application forms. Therefore, the students are always requested to mention their correct and complete address on their application form, in order to avoid further confusion and disappointment.
Training is a decisive part to get a practical and professional knowledge. SIFS India provides an affluence training of forensic science. Training schedule is arranged to provide a sympathetic knowledge of general forensic science applications, practicals related to questioned documents, examination principles involved and associated case studies.
This collaborative training session is designed for online and distance students. The training would acquaint the students with practicals of questioned document, work on real cases and the digital signature techniques required to be an investigator and examiner of the signatures and handwriting along with various case studies.
Module-1: Collection of control samples through photograph at crime scene - Collection of control sample at a scene of crime through the photograph and other tools and techniques will introduce the online and distance students to the collection and preservation of the evidences related to documents.
Students would be guided on a practical activities, to know about investigation and management of scene of crime, evidence searching method, lifting and packaging of evidence on the basis of their nature. The importance of photography at crime scene and its utility in legal proceedings.
Module-2: Questioned Documents and anti money laundering – The respective module of the training session will delineate you to the introduction of document and questioned document, nature and scope of questioned document examination, standard exemplars, introduction to anti money laundering documents such as- bank statements, Form-16, Income Tax Return, voter ID card, salary slip, driving license, pan card, ration card, passport, telephone bill, electricity bill.
In the training session, the trainees would be learning about the security features of various documents such as PAN card, TAN card, voter ID card, driving license, UID aadhar card, passport, stamp and e-stamp paper, bankers cheque, QR code and Bar code.
It will also introduce you to the identification features and examination of Indian and other currencies.
Module-3: Visual illustration and case study of questioned documents- Visual illustration and case study of questioned documents completely covers the practical aspects therefore it will guide the students to the disguised forgery, traced forgery through carbon paper, butter paper, tracing paper etc., forgery by memory, forgery by impersonation, forgery over a genuine signature, forgery by transplanting a genuine signature, forgery of rubber seals or stamps and real case studies.
DURATION OF TRAINING:
The duration scheduled for the training is one month during the summer vacations.
ADVANTAGES OF TRAINING
>> The training session specially focusses to bring together online and distance students to enhance their knowledge.
>> Training will provide you the practical knowledge and opportunities to investigate the legal cases.
>> The training session of the course FSP 103 Questioned Document Examination course familiarize you to brief knowledge of course in classroom assembly.
>> Online and distance students attend to plenary training session and case studies, and learn more about the Questioned Document Examination and the related techniques.
FEE FOR TRAINING
The training would be payable for online and distance learning students. But they already being enrolled as students, therefore they can avail an add-on advantage of earning 15% scholarship on their respective course fee.
After the successful completion of one month training, a valedictory function is organised on the last day where students are distributed the certificate and a farewell treat is arranged for the students from the Organization.
Now a days Forensic Science stands in very broad manner with multiple sub-fields. Questioned Document is one of the major and prime sub-fields of Forensic Science, which offers a myriad career opportunities to the keen aspirants. After a thorough theoretical and practical sessions provided under this course, the student would be able to gain the capability to apprehend the specific document examination-verification, and the techniques associated with the comparison of a forgery from the genuine writing sample. After completing this course, a student has innumerable options for grooming one’s career, some of them are listed below:
>> Student can be appointed as Questioned Document Examiner in the Document Division of Central and various State Laboratories.
>> Student can practice as a self-employed Questioned Document Expert, and present oneself in any Indian Court of Law under Section 45 of Indian Evidence Act (IEA).
>> Student can be appointed as a faculty/ trainer of Questioned Document in the various institutes.
>> A student can even opt to accomplish career options in Document division of various corporate sectors.
Educational Qualification to set a career in Questioned Document Examination
First level course of the Questioned Document Examination is a Certification Programme. The advantage of this course is, any students can set their career in Questioned Document Science no matter they belong from any discipline like Science, Commerce or Arts. Questioned Document Examination courses are also available for the Arts and Science background graduate level students who are interested to start their career from master level programme in the respective investigating science. For those students, who are opting for their Doctorate degree can choose one of the branches/ traits of Questioned Document for their further research and study.
Law students and professional both can do Certification, Diploma Course and P.G. Diploma course offered in Forensic Science.
Sectors in Questioned Document Examination
Job prospects for Questioned Document Examiners are in Private Sectors, Government Sectors, Law enforcement agencies, Forensic labs; Government and Private Laboratories. Various jobs are offered in the field of Forensic Science for those students who hold ample qualification in the related fields.
Alternate job besides Criminal Investigation is teaching with abundant opportunity to upheld one’s career by imparting education.
1. What is Questioned Document Examination?
Questioned Document Examination is all about making the students understand the fundamentals, principles and application of the science of writing in the criminal investigation. This subject would acquaint the students with the various crimes involving the documents, the types of forgery, their features, techniques of identifying them and establishing the authenticity of various computer generated documents using different visualization, physical and chemical techniques.
2. What is the course content of FSP 103?
The course Questioned Document Examination (FSP103) includes all about introduction of documents as per law. Course will introduce you to interactive training session and practicals on the scientific and technical methods involved in deciphering the type of forgery to the scientific submission of opinion into the court-room.
For more details click on- http://www.sifs.in/prospectus/FSP-103-handwriting-questioned-document-examination.pdf
3. What is the course duration of Certificate, Diploma and PG Diploma courses?
All online and distance courses are divided into three certifications i.e. Certificate course for three months, Diploma course for six months and PG Diploma for one year.
4. What qualification is required to be eligible for the above-mentioned courses?
If you are looking for Certificate and Diploma courses, you must have completed your 10+2 or appearing in any discipline from Recognized Board/ School and for PG Diploma course graduation will be required. In the admission process, self-attested mark-sheets and certificates of the previous school/college and transfer certificate along with 2 passport size photographs will be required from the student.
5. Where can I register for distance or online education courses?
We provide online application form for all online or distance students. To download application, form click on- http://www.sifs.in/application-form.pdf
6. When will I receive my study materials, books etc.?
After the completion of your admission process and payment of fee, the students enrolled for online courses will receive a username and password to access e-library within 7-10 working days through mail on their mail id which is mentioned on the application form; whereas distance education students will receive hardcopy of related course materials on the mentioned address by courier or post within 15 working days.
7. What about exams and course credits?
In the last month of your course, we will conduct your online exam. All details regarding your exam will sent to you on the mail id provided by you and the course credits differs according to course code and divided into assignment, project and exam.
For more detail please click on- www.sifs.in/ims
8. How do I get my certificate/mark-sheet, when I have completed my exams?
You will receive your mark-sheet and certificate within a month on your mentioned address by courier or post.
9. What is the difference between online and distance education? Which is the best mode of education?
Both modes of education are good. The only difference between online and distance education is distance education students will get hardcopy material related to their course code, and so the distance learning students will pay Rs. 1000 more as compared to online education students. An extra amount is charged for distance learning students, as the postal charges are included in the course fee.
10. Where do I find out what courses are being offered distance or online?
We provide all informations on the website- www.sifs.in
11. Although my degree is in an unrelated field of study, I have taken quite a few science courses. Am I eligible to apply?
Yes. You are eligible for this Questioned Document Examination (FSP103), if you have completed or if you are pursuing your 10+2 or graduation in any discipline from a Recognized Board/ School/ College.
12. What is the scope and career of forensic education and related courses?
Forensic Science offers a wide range of opportunity to the students aspiring to make their careers as Forensic Scientists and Investigators. With a sense of keen observation and the ability of seeing the unseen are a few traits that would promise the aspiring students to make a colourful career in the wonderful arena of Forensic.
13. Should I pay any extra fee for examination, study materials etc.?
No. Your course fee includes Study materials, Books, Notes, I-Card, Examination Fee. You are not required to pay any extra amount, but in some cases- additional taxes / fees may apply. If you are living out of India and interested in printed notes and books, then you have to pay shipping/postal charges extra. Summer training and practical sessions will be payable for online and distance students with 15% scholarship.
14. What will I get after joining distance course?
You will get User-id and password to access e-library within 7-10 working days. Study materials, notes and books related to your course and id-card will be sent on the address mentioned by you, either by courier or post within 15 working days.
15. How can I pay my course fee by credit card in USD?
Indian Students may use Universal Currency Converter from http://www.xe.com/ucc/ to pay fee in other currencies, or International students visit this link- http://www.sifs.in/onlinefee.php to check out the fee structure. You can pay your course fee from here- http://www.sifs.org.in/payment (Students enrolled for courses having course duration more than 6 months can pay their Course Fee in maximum two instalments, but Rs. 2000 will be charged extra.)
16. Why is training important?
Training is a vital part of online and distance students. It is intended to provide students with the opportunity to place theories into practicals. It is also very helpful to develop their skills that support professional life by preparing and encouraging them to apply their abilities and knowledge acquired through study in a work later on. So, even before the students completed their course they are trained to be job-ready, therefore increasing the student’s employment prospects.
17. What is the best route to prepare for a career as a forensic scientist?
SIFS INIDA provides professional course Questioned Document Examination (FSP103) to acquire knowledge from the basics. The course interest attribute to up-showing television shows focused on law enforcement and forensics. Subject offers the opportunity to grow your career in many sub disciples.
18. I am interested in a career in this field. Where do I start?
In order to initiate a career into this field, you should have a zeal and urge to unveil the veiled. A certificate, diploma and PG diploma course would help you groom your knowledge theoretically as well as practically, thereby ensuring a safe and secure career.
19. Where will I work?
You may avail opportunities as a Questioned Document Examiner in the Document Division of Central as well as various State Government Labs. You can also practice as a Private Forensic Questioned Document Examiner and present yourself in any Indian Court of Law as an Expert Witness under Section 45 of Indian Evidence Act.
20. What are the other specialized forensic science careers outside the crime laboratory?
Other than working in the Crime Laboratory, you can also be appointed as a Crime Scene Investigator in Police Stations or you can also be appointed as an Investigator for the Mobile Forensic Laboratory.
Elizabethan Play Case Study
In 1795 a Mr. Ireland brought forward what he claimed to be a new version of "Kynge Leare" which was allegedly written by William Shakespeare himself. In 1796, Edward Malone published a refutation of this document. Mr. Malone had discovered that the questioned manuscript contained pages with twenty different watermarks. He reasoned that an author of Shakespeare's caliber who was also famous and affluent at the time Lear was written, would have gone to a papermaker and secured as much paper of one type as was needed for his work. But someone who wanted to forge an Elizabethan play 200 years later would ferret out such scraps of old paper as he could - from the flyleaves and blank pages of old manuscripts. Indeed, in 1805 the forger wrote his confession and admitted that he had done exactly that. He had paid a bookseller to let him cut out blank pages from the older volumes in his shop.
Oliver Will Case
In the 1920's the Oliver Will case was tried in White Plains, New York. The question revolved around the date on which the will was written. A legal form which had the date and name and address of its printer at the top was used for the will, but a piece of the document which showed the date had been torn away. There were two possibilities for the date of the form - January 8, 1924, or October 8, 1924. The date of the alleged will was September 20, 1924, so the only form that could have been used was the one printed earlier in the year. Upon close examination it was found that in tearing away the dated portion of the form, the tail of the comma in the address was still visible, and the position on the paper of that comma tail proved that the form could not have been the January 8th form. The questioned will was therefore written on a form that did not exist on the date it was allegedly prepared.
All these courses are Online / Distance mode. Each student can access their course module by login our online study portal i.e.
Apart from above course details, there are some additional details of this course. More details can be get by clicking here such as-
1. Eligibility for the Admission
2. Admission Procedure
3. Examination Pattern
4. Grading System in Examination
5. Course Fee and Consession
6. Types of Certificates
7. Study Materials
For further Course details Click Here-->>
2443, Hudson Lane, Kingsway Camp, Delhi-09
Telephone: +91 11 47074263