BY Preeti Shah | December 14, 2021
Crime has existed for ages. The police and the government must keep the surroundings crime-free by keeping a check on the criminal activities. But with the advent of technology, criminals' methods to commit crime have also become high-tech. As a result, age-old crime-solving techniques are no longer effective in detecting the crime or the criminals.
So, here comes the use of forensic science in a criminal investigations. It acts as a powerful tool for law enforcement agencies to give the correct verdict. Without its help, it is nearly impossible for the police to gather evidence and information from the crime scene that can throw light on what occurred during the crime. Forensic science uses several tools and techniques to find, identify, collect, and evaluate the physical evidence to support the judiciary.
Here in this article, we will see what forensic science is, what role the forensic science team plays in solving crime, and why forensic science is an essential part of criminal investigation.
The word ‘forensic’ has been derived from the Latin word ‘forenses’ that means forum. A forum was a public place where views, ideas, or debates related to judicial proceedings were held. Thus the term forensic relates to the judicial system or court.
Combined with science, it means the application of several scientific methods to investigate and solve crimes. Forensic science deals with collecting, preserving, and analyzing the evidence suitable enough to prosecute an offender in a court of law.
Today forensic evidence is wildly recognized worldwide by the legal system to punish a criminal offender. With the use of scientific methods and techniques, there is no room left for injustice.
Forensic science plays an essential role in criminal investigation. Without it, you can never convict a criminal unless an eyewitness is present. Evidence, whether physical or digital, are collected by detectives or investigating agencies. However, forensic science experts' analysis is done to make them acceptable in the court of law.
Hence, in the absence of forensic science, all the criminals will be roaming free.
A team of several forensic scientists is involved in investing in a criminal case. Each expert is assigned a specific task. A forensic scientist bears huge responsibilities during a criminal investigation. It is their responsibility to examine the evidence carefully and also ensure that it is not interfered with.
Following are a few significant areas in which the investigating officers make their contribution:
With each passing year, many more new forensic science laboratories have come up in the country. It indicates the increasing use of forensic science in criminal investigation to speed up the criminal justice process.
However, across India, a massive number of cases still need to be solved. For this, there is a need for many more private forensic science labs and trained professionals.
Why private labs?
Because government labs usually take a long time to deliver the report, which delays justice to the victim.
SIFS INDIA got established in 2006. It is a renowned ISO 9001:2015 & 10002:2014 certified private forensic science laboratory and training academy registered with the Govt. of India.
It is on a mission to contribute to solving criminal cases and bridge the gap between demand and supply of trained forensic specialists.
Its expertise lies in investigating and solving criminal cases by providing Expert Services in cases relating to Document Examination, Fingerprint Analysis, Cyber Forensic Investigation, Insurance Investigation, Forensic Biology, Key and Accident Reconstruction, Forensic Facial Imaging, Forensic Support, etc.
Apart from these services, they also serve the nation by educating aspiring students to become Forensic Experts in the shortest span. Several Certificates, Diplomas, and PG Diploma Courses are available both Online and Offline mode. Along with these regular workshops, summer and winter internships are part of their education program.