MODULE 1 – INTRODUCTION TO FORENSIC SCIENCE
In this module, you will be introduced to the forensic science domain, including its history, fundamental principles, subfields, and significance during criminal investigations. The concept of institutional structures, government and private laboratories, and the role and uses of this science within a legal context are also covered. The module further explores the importance of maintaining a chain of custody, which includes accurate collection, preservation, inspection, evaluation, and reporting of evidence.
MODULE 2 – CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION AND MANAGEMENT
This module covers the study of different types of crime scenes, both indoor and outdoor, methods for securing and recording crime scenes, like note-making, sketching, photography, and videography, the role of the first respondent and forensic scientist at the crime scene, and the importance of Locard’s Exchange Principle.
You will also learn about various types of evidence encountered at the crime scene (physical, chemical, biological, and testimonial), evidence searching methods (spiral search, grid search, strip search, zone search), techniques to collect, preserve, and package evidence, the crime scene reconstruction process, and the presentation methodology of the evidence in the courtroom.
MODULE 3 – PHYSICAL EVIDENCE COLLECTION AND PRESERVATION
This module explores the concept of advanced and latest crime scene investigation techniques, types of evidence, searching methods, collection, preservation, and packaging techniques of different types of evidence, and the transferring process of that evidence to the forensic laboratories for further investigation. You will also gain insights about what types of evidence are acceptable in court and related issues forensic experts face during legal proceedings.
MODULE 4 – FINGERPRINT IDENTIFICATION
This module covers the domain of fingerprint identification, including its historical evolution and significance, fundamental principles, types of fingerprint patterns (arch, loop, and whorl), ridge characteristics, and techniques to record fingerprints. The Henry System of Classification, types of fingerprints found at the crime scene (latent, patent, and plastic prints), and methods of fingerprint lifting and development (physical, fuming, and chemical) will also be covered. The module concludes with a basic introduction to other types of impressions that might be found at a crime scene, including foot, shoe, ear, lip, and palm prints.
MODULE 5 – QUESTIONED DOCUMENT EXAMINATION
In this module, you will learn about questioned document examination, including principles of examination, problems associated with handling different types of documents, document and handwriting examination techniques, natural variations in handwriting and factors affecting it, types of signature forgeries, examination of different types of documents (altered, indented, charred, etc.), and ways to decipher secret handwriting. Ways to examine typewritten documents, holographic and allographic documents, counterfeit currency, digital signatures, and anti-money laundering documents will also be covered.
MODULE 6 – COMPUTER AND CYBER CRIME
This module introduces you to the world of computer and cyber crime, including their historical evolution, types of cyber crime (phishing, cyberstalking, ransomware, DoS, credit card fraud, identity theft, etc.), cyber crime categories (individual, property, and government), the significance of digital evidence and its types, and steps to be followed while searching for and seizing digital evidence. You will also gain insights about investigative techniques implemented by cyber experts, tools used for evidence analysis and verification, and precautions to take to enhance the chances of evidence admissibility in court.