Course Introduction

FSP 104: Crime Scene Investigation

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March Batch 2024

Last Date to Register : 25th March 2024

    The Crime Scene Investigation Online Course by SIFS India is apt for students looking to learn to decode secrets concealed within crime scenes and extract crucial evidence required to solve complex cases.

    You will acquire skills and knowledge essential for a successful career in crime scene investigation and will be able to create a profound impact by helping legal bodies speed up the investigation process.

    This course is delivered via pre-recorded sessions taught by skilled professionals with several years of experience solving real-life cases.

    This course comprises three levels: Level 1 (certificate), Level 2 (diploma), and Level 3 (Post Graduate Diploma), and the entire curriculum is divided among these levels.

    A few of the topics you will learn about are: crime scene types, photography, videography, note-taking, processing, and reconstruction; criminal profiling, narco analysis, examination of glass evidence, soil evidence analysis, paint evidence examination, types of fibres and their analysis techniques, types of tool marks, recovery and collection of tool mark evidence, forensic examination of hair evidence, blood stain pattern analysis, and legal aspects of blood stain evidence.

    So, join us on this exciting pathway to investigate crime scenes, solve mysteries like a pro, and make the world a safer place.

    Course Benefits

    Enrolling in this course empowers you with the expertise to handle real-world crime scenes effectively. You will master the art of collecting, preserving, and analyzing evidence and will get prepared for a fulfilling career. You can work with law enforcement agencies, private investigation firms, forensic labs, or even as a consultant.

    Course Outcome

    Upon successfully completing this course, you will gain the expertise to methodically process crime scenes, collect, and analyze evidence using the latest forensic tools and techniques. You will become proficient in reconstructing events, drawing conclusions, and presenting your findings in court.

    Course Highlights

    - Pre-recorded sessions with practical insights about investigation tools

    - Experienced forensic faculty with a wealth of knowledge

    - Industry-specific and comprehensive study material and reference books

    - Latest crime scene processing equipment coverage

    - Interactive community of forensic experts and fellow enthusiasts

    - Professional networking and enhanced career prospects

  • Level I : Crime Scene Investigation

    MODULE 1 - CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION

    This module covers an overview, history, purpose, and principles of crime scene investigation, roles played by the first responding officer and the forensic scientist at the scene of crime, types of crime scenes, steps involved in securing the crime scene, and crime scene recording methods (photography, videography, sketching, and note-taking). You will also learn about physical evidence searching methods, a systematic approach to collecting, preserving, and packaging evidence, the concept of a chain of custody to maintain the integrity of evidence, processing and reconstructing crime scenes, and the importance of conveying findings effectively in legal proceedings.

    MODULE 2 - PHYSICAL EVIDENCE

    In this module, you will learn about the role of physical evidence in forensic investigations, types of evidence (physical, biological, chemical, and testimonial), approaches to locating evidence at crime scenes, the significance of photography in documenting evidence, and the process of collecting, preserving, packing, and forwarding different types of evidence to laboratories for analysis. The module also covers the concept of chain of custody to maintain the reliability of the evidence and finally the rules that govern the admissibility of evidence during legal proceedings.

    MODULE 3 - CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION TECHNIQUES

    This module explores the behavioral analysis of criminals, psychology, and motives that drive criminal actions, modus operandi, which are unique patterns and methods employed by criminals to commit crimes; and behavioral profile creation techniques of offenders. You will also learn about techniques like portrait parley, polygraph testing, narco analysis, brain fingerprinting, and voice-stress analysis to analyze and understand criminal behavior.

    MODULE 4  - FIBER AND HAIR

    In this module, you will learn about the importance of forensic analysis of fibers and hair evidence, types of fibers (natural and synthetic), recovery and collection of fiber evidence, and forensic examination of fibers (physical, microscopic, chemical, and instrumental examination).

    The module also covers history and morphology of hair, growth and development stages of hair, recovery and collection of hair evidence, forensic examination of hair evidence like macroscopic and microscopic examination, DNA isolation to determine gender and individuality, examination for chemical treatment or damage, and determination of a drug or poisonous substance from hair.

    The module concludes with methods to distinguish animal hair from human hair, the forensic importance of hair evidence, and its applications in criminal investigations.

    MODULE 5 - BLOODSTAIN PATTERN ANALYSIS

    The module focuses on the significance of bloodstain patterns in forensic investigations, historical evolution, factors that influence the direction of the angle of impact, bloodstain pattern classification, the importance of photography in documenting bloodstain patterns, and the process of collecting, packing, and documenting bloodstain evidence. You will also gain insights about techniques used to analyze and examine bloodstain patterns at the crime scene, the significance of bloodstain patterns, and the legal and ethical aspects associated with bloodstain pattern evidence to make it acceptable in court.

  • Level II : Crime Scene Investigation

    MODULE 1 - CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION

    This module covers an overview, history, purpose, and principles of crime scene investigation, roles played by the first responding officer and the forensic scientist at the scene of crime, types of crime scenes, steps involved in securing the crime scene, and crime scene recording methods (photography, videography, sketching, and note-taking). You will also learn about physical evidence searching methods, a systematic approach to collecting, preserving, and packaging evidence, the concept of a chain of custody to maintain the integrity of evidence, processing and reconstructing crime scenes, and the importance of conveying findings effectively in legal proceedings.

    MODULE 2 - PHYSICAL EVIDENCE

    In this module, you will learn about the role of physical evidence in forensic investigations, types of evidence (physical, biological, chemical, and testimonial), approaches to locating evidence at crime scenes, the significance of photography in documenting evidence, and the process of collecting, preserving, packing, and forwarding different types of evidence to laboratories for analysis. The module also covers the concept of chain of custody to maintain the reliability of the evidence and finally the rules that govern the admissibility of evidence during legal proceedings.

    MODULE 3 - CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION TECHNIQUES

    This module explores the behavioral analysis of criminals, psychology, and motives that drive criminal actions, modus operandi, which are unique patterns and methods employed by criminals to commit crimes; and behavioral profile creation techniques of offenders. You will also learn about techniques like portrait parley, polygraph testing, narco analysis, brain fingerprinting, and voice-stress analysis to analyze and understand criminal behavior.

    MODULE 4 - GLASS EVIDENCE

    This module covers an understanding of glass analysis and its applications in criminal investigations, methods used in manufacturing glass, classification of glass into different categories, and types of glass fractures (radial, concentric, hackle, cone, and heat). You will also gain insights about the forensic examination of glass, the examination of the physical and optical properties of glass, and its elemental composition. Finally, the module emphasizes the forensic significance of glass evidence in linking suspects to crime scenes.

    MODULE 5 - SOIL EVIDENCE

    This module highlights the role of soil evidence in criminal investigations, historical evolution, formation and types of soil, and forensic examination of soil, including techniques like color assessment, pH measurement, microscopic examination, particle size distribution analysis, density gradient analysis, chemical analysis, mineral analysis, ignition loss measurement, differential thermal analysis, and elemental analysis. You will also learn about the interpretation of soil evidence examination, focusing on the role of forensic experts in linking soil evidence to crime scenes and suspects.

    MODULE 6  - FIBER AND HAIR

    In this module, you will learn about the importance of forensic analysis of fibers and hair evidence, types of fibers (natural and synthetic), recovery and collection of fiber evidence, and forensic examination of fibers (physical, microscopic, chemical, and instrumental examination).

    The module also covers history and morphology of hair, growth and development stages of hair, recovery and collection of hair evidence, forensic examination of hair evidence like macroscopic and microscopic examination, DNA isolation to determine gender and individuality, examination for chemical treatment or damage, and determination of a drug or poisonous substance from hair.

    The module concludes with methods to distinguish animal hair from human hair, the forensic importance of hair evidence, and its applications in criminal investigations.

    MODULE 7 - BLOODSTAIN PATTERN ANALYSIS

    The module focuses on the significance of bloodstain patterns in forensic investigations, historical evolution, factors that influence the direction of the angle of impact, bloodstain pattern classification, the importance of photography in documenting bloodstain patterns, and the process of collecting, packing, and documenting bloodstain evidence. You will also gain insights about techniques used to analyze and examine bloodstain patterns at the crime scene, the significance of bloodstain patterns, and the legal and ethical aspects associated with bloodstain pattern evidence to make it acceptable in court.

  • Level III : Crime Scene Investigation

    MODULE 1 - CRIME SCENE INVESTIGATION

    This module covers an overview, history, purpose, and principles of crime scene investigation, roles played by the first responding officer and the forensic scientist at the scene of crime, types of crime scenes, steps involved in securing the crime scene, and crime scene recording methods (photography, videography, sketching, and note-taking). You will also learn about physical evidence searching methods, a systematic approach to collecting, preserving, and packaging evidence, the concept of a chain of custody to maintain the integrity of evidence, processing and reconstructing crime scenes, and the importance of conveying findings effectively in legal proceedings.

    MODULE 2 - PHYSICAL EVIDENCE

    In this module, you will learn about the role of physical evidence in forensic investigations, types of evidence (physical, biological, chemical, and testimonial), approaches to locating evidence at crime scenes, the significance of photography in documenting evidence, and the process of collecting, preserving, packing, and forwarding different types of evidence to laboratories for analysis. The module also covers the concept of chain of custody to maintain the reliability of the evidence and finally the rules that govern the admissibility of evidence during legal proceedings.

    MODULE 3 - CRIMINAL INVESTIGATION TECHNIQUES

    This module explores the behavioral analysis of criminals, psychology, and motives that drive criminal actions, modus operandi, which are unique patterns and methods employed by criminals to commit crimes; and behavioral profile creation techniques of offenders. You will also learn about techniques like portrait parley, polygraph testing, narco analysis, brain fingerprinting, and voice-stress analysis to analyze and understand criminal behavior.

    MODULE 4 - GLASS EVIDENCE

    This module covers an understanding of glass analysis and its applications in criminal investigations, methods used in manufacturing glass, classification of glass into different categories, and types of glass fractures (radial, concentric, hackle, cone, and heat). You will also gain insights about the forensic examination of glass, the examination of the physical and optical properties of glass, and its elemental composition. Finally, the module emphasizes the forensic significance of glass evidence in linking suspects to crime scenes.

    MODULE 5 - SOIL EVIDENCE

    This module highlights the role of soil evidence in criminal investigations, historical evolution, formation and types of soil, and forensic examination of soil, including techniques like color assessment, pH measurement, microscopic examination, particle size distribution analysis, density gradient analysis, chemical analysis, mineral analysis, ignition loss measurement, differential thermal analysis, and elemental analysis. You will also learn about the interpretation of soil evidence examination, focusing on the role of forensic experts in linking soil evidence to crime scenes and suspects.

    MODULE 6 - PAINT EVIDENCE

    In this module, you will learn about the significance of paint analysis in forensic investigations, types of paint and their composition, and paint chemistry focusing on resinous vehicles and automotive finishes.

    You will also gain insights about the forensic examination of paint, including:

    - Physical and microscopic examination

    - Chemical examination, including solubility tests, micro-chemical tests, and thin layer chromatography

    - Instrumental analysis, including emission spectrography, IR spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, micro spectrophotometers, high-performance liquid chromatography, UV visible spectrophotometry, fluorescence microscopy, pyrolysis gas chromatography mass spectrometry, and pyrolysis infrared spectroscopy.

    Finally, the module concludes with elemental analysis of neutron activation analysis (NAA), atomic emission spectroscopy (AES), and the interpretation of paint evidence examination, highlighting the role of forensic experts in connecting paint evidence to crime scenes, vehicles, and suspects.

    MODULE 7 - TOOL MARKS AND OTHER IMPRESSIONS

    This module covers the analysis of tool marks in forensic science, the historical context of tool mark analysis, types of tool marks (impression, sliding/striated/scraping, cutting, slicing, pinching, and fractured marks), recovery and collection of tool mark evidence, including documenting, collecting, and preserving the evidence, and tool mark examination, comprising a preliminary examination and a detailed examination through comparison.

    You will also gain insights about new technologies used in tool mark identification, the process and methods of restoring erased or obliterated markings, the restoration of laser-etched serial numbers and bar codes, and the restoration of different surfaces. Finally, you will learn the value of tool marks and the role they play in linking tools to crimes and providing essential evidence in court.

    MODULE 8  - FIBER AND HAIR

    In this module, you will learn about the importance of forensic analysis of fibers and hair evidence, types of fibers (natural and synthetic), recovery and collection of fiber evidence, and forensic examination of fibers (physical, microscopic, chemical, and instrumental examination).

    The module also covers history and morphology of hair, growth and development stages of hair, recovery and collection of hair evidence, forensic examination of hair evidence like macroscopic and microscopic examination, DNA isolation to determine gender and individuality, examination for chemical treatment or damage, and determination of a drug or poisonous substance from hair.

    The module concludes with methods to distinguish animal hair from human hair, the forensic importance of hair evidence, and its applications in criminal investigations.

    MODULE 9 - BLOODSTAIN PATTERN ANALYSIS

    The module focuses on the significance of bloodstain patterns in forensic investigations, historical evolution, factors that influence the direction of the angle of impact, bloodstain pattern classification, the importance of photography in documenting bloodstain patterns, and the process of collecting, packing, and documenting bloodstain evidence. You will also gain insights about techniques used to analyze and examine bloodstain patterns at the crime scene, the significance of bloodstain patterns, and the legal and ethical aspects associated with bloodstain pattern evidence to make it acceptable in court.

  • What steps should I follow to enroll in this online course?

    To enroll, click on the “Register for Course” option available on the right side of the screen, followed by the provided instructions and payment procedure.

  • Can I pay directly to the bank account of SIFS India?

    Yes, you have the option to make a direct payment to the bank account of SIFS India;, all you have to do is write an email at education@sifs.in requesting the bank details. 

  • Which documents I have to upload at the time of enrollment?

    Academic Qualification Documents, Professional Qualification Certificates, and National ID Proof or Passport Copy are required at the time of enrollment.  

  • What if I am unable to upload my documents?

    Kindly send your necessary documents with proof of payment to admission@sifs.in.

  • How will I receive confirmation once I have completed the payment procedure?

    An Admission Confirmation email will be sent with your portal credentials once the proof of payment and application form with all the necessary documents are received at admission@sifs.in.

  • How do I login to the portal for my online course?

    To login, visit the portal at the given link: https://www.sifs.in/student and enter your login credentials, i.e., your username and password shared via email. 

  • What study material access will I have after logging into the portal?

    After logging into the portal, you will have access to reading material, reference eBooks, and e-research papers.

  • Will I receive any assignments during my course duration?

    Yes, all your assignments, projects, case studies and practice tests will be assigned to you through your portal as per the level you will be enrolled in.

  • What technical prerequisites are necessary for an online course?

    You can easily access our online course on mobile / tablet devices. We highly recommend that you use your desktop or laptop and a reliable internet connection for a better view.

  • Will there be any exams after completing the course?

    Yes, there will be an online exam after completing the course.

  • Will I receive any certificates after completing the online course?

    Yes, upon successful completion of the course, you will receive a certificate and marksheet, which can be a valuable addition to your resume and may enhance your career prospects in the field.

  • Where to contact in case of any queries or technical support?

    Write to us at admission@sifs.in, call: +91-1147074263, or WhatsApp: +91-7303913002.

The Atlanta Child Murders Case Study

Between 1979 and 1981, 29 people, mainly children, were strangled to death by a serial killer.

Police piled the dead bodies that have been dumped in the local river.

They also arrested a man named Wayne Williams as he was trying to run away from the spot after hearing the splash sound of water in an area where a body was recovered a couple of days later.

However, the police had not seen him dumping the dead body, so they were dependent on a forensic investigation of the fibers found on the victims’ bodies.

Approximately 30 different types of fiber were linked to items from Williams’ house, including his vehicles and dog.

In 1982, he was found guilty of murdering two adults and sentenced to life imprisonment. However, the Atlanta police proclaimed that he was involved in killing at least 22 children.


Jeffrey MacDonald Case Study

Early on February 17, 1979, army doctor Jeffrey MacDonald and his family were attacked. His pregnant wife and two young doctors died, suffering multiple stab wounds. 

The doctor got minor wounds and survived the attack. He claimed that they were attacked by four people. 

However, the investigators doubted the doctor’s attack story on the basis of the physical evidence found at the crime scene. The evidence pointed to the doctor as the primary suspect behind the killings. 

However, poor investigation methods led to the case being closed by the army. After several years since the incident, MacDonald was brought to trial in a civilian court.

A forensic scientist testified that the doctor’s pajama top had 48 smooth and clean holes that the doctor claimed to have used to defend against the killers. And these holes are extremely smooth for any such dangerous attack.

The scientist also shed light on the fact that if the top was folded, 21 thrusts would create 48 holes, which was exactly the same as the number of times a doctor’s wife was stabbed. 

Further investigations showed a match between the holes and wound patterns on his wife’s body. This proved that the pajama top was laid on her prior to stabbing and was not used for self-defence by the doctor. 

In 1979, MacDonald was convicted after crime scene reconstruction. He was sentenced to life imprisonment for murdering his wife and daughters.

Dahir Mohamed Dahir

5

I would like to let you know that I am truly happy for the kind of effort and sessions that you have subjected me into during my studies, am truly confident that the knowledge that I acquired during my studies is going be a game-changer when I go back to my country (Somalia). I will be truly indebted to such a significant course.

Thank you so much for inspiring us to extraordinary heights in life. I would extend my gratitude to Dr. Ranjeet Singh and the entire team of SIFS INDIA for their efforts.

Mogakolodi Boikanyo

5

The course was very interesting and knowledgeable, helped a lot in knowing new things. 

Glad to be a part of this course and SIFS INDIA!!

Sutirthaa Ghosh

4

It is amazing, knowledgeable course. 

Femin Dominic

5

It is an interesting and informative course with very clear insights. The instructors are of great help in case of any doubts. 

Devika Dileep

5

Very good effort to impart knowledge and good content. 

 

Instructors

Dr. Ranjeet Singh

Dr. Ranjeet Singh

Managing Director
Jyoti Verma

Jyoti Verma

Forensic Instructor
Yogesh Kumar

Yogesh Kumar

Senior Scientific Officer

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