Course Introduction

FSP 301: Forensic Medicine and Toxicology

  • Course Outline
  • Curriculum
  • FAQ
  • Case Studies
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June Batch 2024

Last Date to Register : 25th June 2024

The Forensic Medicine & Toxicology Online Course by SIFS India is meticulously designed to impart medical forensic investigation skills and knowledge of the science of toxins to students.

You will learn to analyze the cause of death, examine injuries, and assess the impact of toxins on the human body, thereby gaining skills to decipher complex forensic medical cases.

The entire curriculum is delivered in the form of pre-recorded sessions that can be accessed anytime on our portal and are delivered by expert toxicologists with credit for solving several real-life cases.

This course comprises three levels: Level 1 (certificate), Level 2 (diploma), and Level 3 (Post Graduate Diploma), and the entire curriculum is divided among these levels.

A few of the topics you will learn about are: medical ethics and etiquettes, thanatology, types of asphyxial death, medicolegal autopsy history and purpose, examination of weapons and decomposed bodies, personal identification techniques, history and classification of injuries, types of sexual offences, infanticide, foeticide, types of body fluids and their examination, forensic toxicology, types of poisons, mental illness diagnosis, medical jurisprudence, and birth and death certificate preparation.

Enroll now to become a proficient forensic medical and toxicology specialist and offer valuable insights into legal and investigative proceedings.

Course Benefits

Enrolling in this course will equip you with the knowledge and skills to handle post-mortem examinations, toxicological analyses, and injury assessments, thereby making you a sought-after medico-legal investigator and pathologist. This knowledge will open doors to a diverse range of career opportunities in forensic medicine, toxicology, and criminal investigations.

Course Outcome

Upon successful completion of this course, you will become capable of conducting in-depth post-mortem examinations, determining the cause of death, and analyzing the effects of toxins on the human body. You will have the expertise to implement injury assessment and toxicological analysis techniques, enabling you to provide crucial insights in medical-legal investigations and court proceedings.

Course Highlights

- Working methods of state-of-the-art forensic laboratories

- Faculty with extensive expertise in forensic medicine and toxicology

- Industry-specific and comprehensive study material and reference books

- Community of forensic medicine and toxicology experts

- Professional networking opportunity for career enhancement

  • Level I : Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

    MODULE 1 – FORENSIC MEDICINE AND COURT PROCEDURE

    In this module, you will learn about the intersection between medicine and the legal system, medical ethics, jurisprudence, and historical perspectives. It begins with the legal system, exploring laws, juries, courts of law, offenses, and punishments. The legal procedures, including inquests, summonses, the conduct of money, oaths, and the acquisition and presentation of evidence, are discussed.

    The role of witnesses and the recording of evidence through examination-in-chief, cross-examination, re-examination, and questions posed by the court are outlined. The module concludes with the know-how of the specific code of conduct expected from doctors when providing testimony in the witness box.

    MODULE 2 – THANATOLOGY

    This module covers the multifaceted domain of death investigation, historical evolution, various modes of death, stages of death (immediate, early, and late), moments of death and their significance, and the concept of suspended animation. The module also highlights the crucial aspect of determining the time since death and the complexities involved.

    MODULE 3 – PERSONAL IDENTIFICATION

    This module focuses on historical aspects of body identification practices and meticulous examination of various characteristics, including race, religion, sex, age, stature, dactylography, footprints, prints, superimposition, odontological features, hair, and other relevant features. You will also gain insights about biometric methods of identification, DNA fingerprinting, and the role of photographs in the identification process.

    MODULE 4 – INJURIES (WOUNDS)

    In this module, you will learn about the classification of injuries like mechanical injuries (abrasions, contusions, lacerations, incised wounds, stab wounds, firearm wounds, fractures, and dislocations), thermal injuries (due to heat, burns, and scalds), injuries due to cold, and chemical injuries involving corrosive acids, poisonous gases, and corrosive alkalis.

    There are several other types of injuries caused by electricity, including those from lightning, radiation, firearms, and explosions, as well as regional injuries concerning the head, neck, thorax, pelvis, genitalia, and bones. The module concludes with an exploration of fabricated injuries and those resulting from starvation.

    MODULE 5 – FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY

    The module covers the introduction and historical perspective of forensic toxicology, its principles, the legal aspects of poisons, the classification of poisons, the mechanism of action of poisons (local, remote, or combined), factors influencing poison action, diverse types of poisoning, and the clinical features they manifest.

    You will also learn about the duties of medical practitioners in cases of suspected poisoning, the diagnosis and management of poisoning in living individuals, medico-legal autopsy in poison cases, including appearances and medico-legal aspects, the process of handling visceral samples (collection, preservation, packaging, and dispatch), the significance of toxicological analytical techniques and addressing drugs of abuse, addiction, de-addiction, withdrawal, and recent trends and advancements in forensic toxicology.

  • Level II : Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

    MODULE 1 – FORENSIC MEDICINE AND COURT PROCEDURE

    In this module, you will learn about the intersection between medicine and the legal system, medical ethics, jurisprudence, and historical perspectives. It begins with the legal system, exploring laws, juries, courts of law, offenses, and punishments. The legal procedures, including inquests, summonses, the conduct of money, oaths, and the acquisition and presentation of evidence, are discussed.

    The role of witnesses and the recording of evidence through examination-in-chief, cross-examination, re-examination, and questions posed by the court are outlined. The module concludes with the know-how of the specific code of conduct expected from doctors when providing testimony in the witness box.

    MODULE 2 – THANATOLOGY

    This module covers the multifaceted domain of death investigation, historical evolution, various modes of death, stages of death (immediate, early, and late), moments of death and their significance, and the concept of suspended animation. The module also highlights the crucial aspect of determining the time since death and the complexities involved.

    MODULE 3 – ASPHYXIAL DEATH

    This module focuses on asphyxial deaths (caused due to lack of oxygen), their historical perspective, types of asphyxial deaths including hanging, strangulation, suffocation, and drowning, the characteristics and significance associated with each form of death, their forensic relevance, and how they contribute to the understanding of forensic pathology.

    MODULE 4 – PERSONAL IDENTIFICATION

    This module focuses on historical aspects of body identification practices and meticulous examination of various characteristics, including race, religion, sex, age, stature, dactylography, footprints, prints, superimposition, odontological features, hair, and other relevant features. You will also gain insights about biometric methods of identification, DNA fingerprinting, and the role of photographs in the identification process.

    MODULE 5 – INJURIES (WOUNDS)

    In this module, you will learn about the classification of injuries like mechanical injuries (abrasions, contusions, lacerations, incised wounds, stab wounds, firearm wounds, fractures, and dislocations), thermal injuries (due to heat, burns, and scalds), injuries due to cold, and chemical injuries involving corrosive acids, poisonous gases, and corrosive alkalis.

    There are several other types of injuries caused by electricity, including those from lightning, radiation, firearms, and explosions, as well as regional injuries concerning the head, neck, thorax, pelvis, genitalia, and bones. The module concludes with an exploration of fabricated injuries and those resulting from starvation.

    MODULE 6 – SEXUAL OFFENCES

    This module covers the concept of sexual offences, their historical evolution, and their classification, including natural offences (rape and incest), unnatural offences (sodomy, buccal coitus, bestiality, and tribadism), sexual perversions (sadism, masochism, necrophilia, fetishism, transvestism, exhibitionism, masturbation, voyeurism, frotteurism, trolism, and pyromania), and a comprehensive overview of indecent assault.

    MODULE 7 – FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY

    The module covers the introduction and historical perspective of forensic toxicology, its principles, the legal aspects of poisons, the classification of poisons, the mechanism of action of poisons (local, remote, or combined), factors influencing poison action, diverse types of poisoning, and the clinical features they manifest.

    You will also learn about the duties of medical practitioners in cases of suspected poisoning, the diagnosis and management of poisoning in living individuals, medico-legal autopsy in poison cases, including appearances and medico-legal aspects, the process of handling visceral samples (collection, preservation, packaging, and dispatch), the significance of toxicological analytical techniques and addressing drugs of abuse, addiction, de-addiction, withdrawal, and recent trends and advancements in forensic toxicology.

    MODULE 8 – MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE I

    This module covers the structure and functions of the Indian Medical Council and State Medical Council and their roles in disciplinary control, the rights, privileges, and duties of registered medical practitioners, including disciplinary proceedings and penal erasure, professional conduct, etiquette, and ethics in medical practice, and the basics of professional secrecy and privileged communication.

    The module then explores different types of medical negligence, like civil and criminal negligence, patients' negligence, and contributory negligence, along with vicarious liability, res ipsa loquitur, and preventive measures in medical negligence. The concept of consent, including its types (informed, uninformed, implied, expressed, and others), scope, and reasons and rules for obtaining consent, are also covered.

    Various acts like the Pre-Natal Diagnosis Technical Act, Human Organ Transplant Act 1994, Consumer Protection Act 1994, Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971, Suppression of Immoral Trafficking Act, Workman’s Compensation Act, and other laws related to medical practice.

    You will further explore the legal landscape through relevant sections of the IPC, CrPC, IEA, and various acts, including insights into courts and their power, evidence and recording of evidence, certification of birth, death, illness, and fitness, medical certificates highlighting the cause of death and related statistics, as well as the day-to-day medicolegal issues encountered in hospitals. The module concludes by highlighting recent laws applicable to medical professionals and the value of medical opinions in court.

  • Level III : Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

    MODULE 1 - FORENSIC MEDICINE AND COURT PROCEDURE

    In this module, you will learn about the intersection between medicine and the legal system, medical ethics, jurisprudence, and historical perspectives. It begins with the legal system, exploring laws, juries, courts of law, offenses, and punishments. The legal procedures, including inquests, summonses, the conduct of money, oaths, and the acquisition and presentation of evidence, are discussed.

    The role of witnesses and the recording of evidence through examination-in-chief, cross-examination, re-examination, and questions posed by the court are outlined. The module concludes with the know-how of the specific code of conduct expected from doctors when providing testimony in the witness box.

    MODULE 2 - THANATOLOGY

    This module covers the multifaceted domain of death investigation, historical evolution, various modes of death, stages of death (immediate, early, and late), moments of death and their significance, and the concept of suspended animation. The module also highlights the crucial aspect of determining the time since death and the complexities involved.

    MODULE 3 - ASPHYXIAL DEATH

    This module focuses on asphyxial deaths (caused due to lack of oxygen), their historical perspective, types of asphyxial deaths including hanging, strangulation, suffocation, and drowning, the characteristics and significance associated with each form of death, their forensic relevance, and how they contribute to the understanding of forensic pathology.

    MODULE 4 - MEDICO-LEGAL AUTOPSY

    In this module, you will learn about medico-legal autopsy, historical evolution, the purpose behind conducting such autopsies, distinguishing them from medical and clinical counterparts, the process for securing permission and meticulous preparation, integrating videography, systematic examination involving that of cloth belongings, external and internal examination of bodies, ancillary investigations, examination of weapons, and the handling of decomposed or mutilated bodies. The module also covers report and certification, night post-mortems, precautions, hazards, exhumation, and the role of the presence of artifacts.

    MODULE 5 - PERSONAL IDENTIFICATION

    This module focuses on historical aspects of body identification practices and meticulous examination of various characteristics, including race, religion, sex, age, stature, dactylography, footprints, prints, superimposition, odontological features, hair, and other relevant features. You will also gain insights about biometric methods of identification, DNA fingerprinting, and the role of photographs in the identification process.

    MODULE 6 - INJURIES (WOUNDS)

    In this module, you will learn about the classification of injuries like mechanical injuries (abrasions, contusions, lacerations, incised wounds, stab wounds, firearm wounds, fractures, and dislocations), thermal injuries (due to heat, burns, and scalds), injuries due to cold, and chemical injuries involving corrosive acids, poisonous gases, and corrosive alkalis.

    There are several other types of injuries caused by electricity, including those from lightning, radiation, firearms, and explosions, as well as regional injuries concerning the head, neck, thorax, pelvis, genitalia, and bones. The module concludes with an exploration of fabricated injuries and those resulting from starvation.

    MODULE 7 - SEXUAL OFFENCES

    This module covers the concept of sexual offences, their historical evolution, and their classification, including natural offences (rape and incest), unnatural offences (sodomy, buccal coitus, bestiality, and tribadism), sexual perversions (sadism, masochism, necrophilia, fetishism, transvestism, exhibitionism, masturbation, voyeurism, frotteurism, trolism, and pyromania), and a comprehensive overview of indecent assault.

    MODULE 8 - ASSISTED REPRODUCTION AND INFANT DEATH

    This module focuses on reproductive and child-related issues, aspects such as sterility, artificial insemination, virginity, pregnancy and abortion, infant deaths including infanticide, foeticide, neonaticides, and tiucide, and the types of death, including stillbirth, dead birth, and live birth, along with the critical consideration of viability. The causes of death, the determination of fetal age, and the sensitive topic of child abuse are also meticulously explored.

    MODULE 9 - EXAMINATION OF BODY FLUIDS

    In this module, you will gain insights about the forensic significance of body fluids, historical evolution, various types of body fluids, and the intricacies involved in their collection, preservation, and packaging for forensic examination. The module also highlights the laboratory examination of body fluid evidence, the crucial role blood grouping plays in resolving disputes related to paternity, and the hazards associated with blood transfusions.

    MODULE 10 - FORENSIC TOXICOLOGY

    The module covers the introduction and historical perspective of forensic toxicology, its principles, the legal aspects of poisons, the classification of poisons, the mechanism of action of poisons (local, remote, or combined), factors influencing poison action, diverse types of poisoning, and the clinical features they manifest.

    You will also learn about the duties of medical practitioners in cases of suspected poisoning, the diagnosis and management of poisoning in living individuals, medico-legal autopsy in poison cases, including appearances and medico-legal aspects, the process of handling visceral samples (collection, preservation, packaging, and dispatch), the significance of toxicological analytical techniques and addressing drugs of abuse, addiction, de-addiction, withdrawal, and recent trends and advancements in forensic toxicology.

    MODULE 11 - POISONS

    This module covers poisons in forensic toxicology and begins with an introduction and historical context. It covers types of poisons, including gases, volatile substances, including both organic and inorganic (Phosgene, Fluorocarbons, CN, Phosphine, Arsine, Stilbine, Carbonyl Chloride Isocyanide), and non-volatile substances, including organic (pesticides, acidic and alkaline substances) and inorganic (anions and cations), plant poisons, animal poisons, and miscellaneous toxins. General characteristics, principles, action of mechanisms, signs and symptoms, post-mortem appearances, and medico-legal significance for each poison will be covered.

    MODULE 12 - FORENSIC PSYCHIATRY

    In this module, you will learn about forensic psychiatry, its historical overview, common mental illnesses, the classification of forensic psychiatry according to both the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), the diagnostic process, and the difference between true and feigned mental illness.

    You will also gain insights about the Indian Mental Health Act of 1987, particularly its implications for the admission, care, and discharge of mentally ill individuals, the civil and criminal responsibilities of mentally ill persons, and the restraint considerations of the mentally ill person.

    MODULE 13 - MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE I

    This module covers the structure and functions of the Indian Medical Council and State Medical Council and their roles in disciplinary control, the rights, privileges, and duties of registered medical practitioners, including disciplinary proceedings and penal erasure, professional conduct, etiquette, and ethics in medical practice, and the basics of professional secrecy and privileged communication.

    The module then explores different types of medical negligence, like civil and criminal negligence, patients' negligence, and contributory negligence, along with vicarious liability, res ipsa loquitur, and preventive measures in medical negligence. The concept of consent, including its types (informed, uninformed, implied, expressed, and others), scope, and reasons and rules for obtaining consent, are also covered.

    Various acts like the Pre-Natal Diagnosis Technical Act, Human Organ Transplant Act 1994, Consumer Protection Act 1994, Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act 1971, Suppression of Immoral Trafficking Act, Workman’s Compensation Act, and other laws related to medical practice.

    You will further explore the legal landscape through relevant sections of the IPC, CrPC, IEA, and various acts, including insights into courts and their power, evidence and recording of evidence, certification of birth, death, illness, and fitness, medical certificates highlighting the cause of death and related statistics, as well as the day-to-day medicolegal issues encountered in hospitals. The module concludes by highlighting recent laws applicable to medical professionals and the value of medical opinions in court.

    MODULE 14 - MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE II

    This module covers legal procedures within the medical domain, including courtroom procedures, medical evidence, various certificates, medico-legal reports, dying depositions, and the responsibilities of doctors in the witness box. After this, you will learn about the regulatory framework that governs the medical profession, professional misconduct, the duties of physicians under various public health and medical acts, the liabilities of hospitals, nursing homes, and public dispensaries to patients, along with issues of privileges and confidentiality.

    The physician's role in the witness box is explored, extending into the legal dimensions of medical practice in relation to insurance, family planning procedures, therapeutic trials, human experimentation, organ and tissue transplantation, euthanasia, and insights about landmark judgments from the Supreme Court and High Courts.

    MODULE 15 - ASSIST OBSERVE

    In this module, you will learn about various medico-legal responsibilities, including the preparation of accurate birth and death certificates, meticulous crafting of dying declarations, essential medico-legal duties in cases related to poisoning, the process of examining an alcohol-intoxicated person and report preparation, the examination and report writing process for victims and accused in sexual offence cases, injured patients, and victims of sexual assault. The module concludes with a comprehensive understanding for medical practitioners about the ethical and medico-legal issues in clinical practices.

  • What steps should I follow to enroll in this online course?

    To enroll, click on the “Register for Course” option available on the right side of the screen, followed by the provided instructions and payment procedure.

  • Can I pay directly to the bank account of SIFS India?

    Yes, you have the option to make a direct payment to the bank account of SIFS India;, all you have to do is write an email at education@sifs.in requesting the bank details. 

  • Which documents I have to upload at the time of enrollment?

    Academic Qualification Documents, Professional Qualification Certificates, and National ID Proof or Passport Copy are required at the time of enrollment.  

  • What if I am unable to upload my documents?

    Kindly send your necessary documents with proof of payment to admission@sifs.in.

  • How will I receive confirmation once I have completed the payment procedure?

    An Admission Confirmation email will be sent with your portal credentials once the proof of payment and application form with all the necessary documents are received at admission@sifs.in.

  • How do I login to the portal for my online course?

    To login, visit the portal at the given link: https://www.sifs.in/student and enter your login credentials, i.e., your username and password shared via email. 

  • What study material access will I have after logging into the portal?

    After logging into the portal, you will have access to reading material, reference eBooks, and e-research papers.

  • Will I receive any assignments during my course duration?

    Yes, all your assignments, projects, case studies and practice tests will be assigned to you through your portal as per the level you will be enrolled in.

  • What technical prerequisites are necessary for an online course?

    You can easily access our online course on mobile / tablet devices. We highly recommend that you use your desktop or laptop and a reliable internet connection for a better view.

  • Will there be any exams after completing the course?

    Yes, there will be an online exam after completing the course.

  • Will I receive any certificates after completing the online course?

    Yes, upon successful completion of the course, you will receive a certificate and marksheet, which can be a valuable addition to your resume and may enhance your career prospects in the field.

  • Where to contact in case of any queries or technical support?

    Write to us at admission@sifs.in, call: +91-1147074263, or WhatsApp: +91-7303913002.

Identifying an Anonymous Decomposed Body

On August 31, 2019, a decaying anonymous body was discovered floating near the bank of the Yamuna River, situated in front of Aali Farm in Madanpur Khadar, New Delhi.

The individual in question was dressed in a green half-sleeved t-shirt and black track pants, with a single red shoe on his left foot.

The dead body was transported to AIIMS for a post-mortem examination, which took place on September 16, 2019.

After approval from the investigating officer, the dead person’s phenotypic details were noted, and tibia and teeth samples were collected.

All the case-related details were recorded in a database, and the DNA extraction process for samples was carried out using the Phenol Chloroform Isoamyl Alcohol organic DNA extraction method.

The DNA that was extracted was degraded as the dead body was in a highly rotten state. And this posed challenges during downstream processing.

However, the investigating officer took the initiative to discover the identity of the deceased. He published an identification appeal in the Times of India and Dainik Jagran newspapers, giving all the details about the unknown dead body.

Soon after the appeal, a family approached the officer and claimed that the body was that of their son.

The complete process of DNA identification was explained to the suspected parents, their consent was obtained for sample collection, and all the physical traits they shared about the deceased were recorded.

2 ml of blood from each of the claimants was taken, and DNA extraction was performed.

After this PCR, amplification of the DNA extracted from suspected parents and that of the dead was done.

In all three DNA samples, the Identifiler Plus kit amplified 16 STR loci.

After this, the Applied Biosystems 3130 Genetic Analyzer was used to generate DNA profiles from the amplified PCR product.

After in-depth manual analysis of the generated DNA profiles, a 100% match was discovered between those of the claimants and the deceased.

Also, the claimants’ profiles were checked against the DNA database. It revealed a singular match corresponding to a connection with the deceased.

This case highlighted the significance of DNA analysis in successfully identifying the unknown dead body, along with the need to maintain a DNA database for human identification.

Nipun Kulshreshtha

4

I gained a lot of knowledge from this online course...learned a lot of new things.

Christa Grace Daniel

4
The course framed by SIFS is really appreciable and thankyou for their continuous support. Kudos to the team.

Sweta

4

In times of Covid-19, this was a wonderful utilization of time. I'm grateful that I opted for this course.  

Dibyashree Goswami

5

It was very good and informative course.

Manisha Verma

5

The course was really beneficial I was able to learn something. The course was quite interesting. I want to thank the entire team of SIFS. It was really informative.

 

Instructors

Abi K S

Abi K S

Head and Assistant Professor
Dr. Ranjeet Singh

Dr. Ranjeet Singh

Managing Director

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